A lovak izombetegségeinek osztályozása, a terhelésre jelentkezo izombetegségek leírása, különös tekintettel a székelyföldi jellegzetességekre

Translated title of the contribution: Classification of equine myopathies, description of exercise induced myopathies with focus on the Transylvanian characteristics

Kósa Csaba Attila, Szenci Ottó, Kutasi Orsolya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The authors in this review classify and characterize the major muscle diseases of draught and sport horses with a special focus on those with rhabdomyolysis, and a special form of which occurs in a well-defined endemic region of Transylvania. Muscle disorders significantly reduce the performance of horses, thus causing economic losses due to mortality and morbidity. Various different categorizations exist, based upon objective and anecdotal data. Given the diversity and phenotypic manifestations, conclusive and widely accepted classifications remains to be controversial. There are 3 leading theories like lactic acid accumulation, genetic predisposition; selenium and vitamin E deficiency. Muscle disorders with different aetiology are often present with non-specific clinical signs including: weakness, stiffness, muscle swelling, sweating, and muscle pain. In some cases myoglobinuria, dysphagia, recumbency and death may also occur. In the last section of this paper, the authors shortly describe the exercise induced rhabdomyolysis occurring exclusively in Seklerland's Hargita region.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)451-462
Number of pages12
JournalMagyar Allatorvosok Lapja
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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