Classification and general derivation of interfacial forces, acting on phases, situated in the bulk, or at the interface of other phases

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Abstract

In the present paper the general equation and algorithm to derive interfacial forces, acting on phases, situated in the bulk, or at the interface of other phases are given. Based on that, interfacial forces are classified into the following six major types: (i) the "curvature induced interfacial force" (due to Laplace), (ii) the "interfacial gradient force", acting on particles in inhomogeneous fluid phases, due to composition-, temperature- and electrical potential gradient (known as Marangoni force, or thermocapillary force), (iii) the "interfacial capillary force", acting on a phase at an interface of two large phases, including the behaviour of solid particles at the liquid/gas, fluid/fluid and solid/solid interfaces (known as the capillary force, and as the Zener pinning force), (iv) the "interfacial meniscus force," acting between two, solid phases, situated at a curved fluid/fluid or solid/solid interface, the curvature being due to the gravitational or electric fields (known also as the lateral capillary force, or electrodipping force), (v) the "liquid bridge induced interfacial force," acting between two, solid particles, due to the liquid bridge of small volume between them, and (vi) the "interfacial adhesion force," acting between two particles in a homogeneous fluid phase (with the phenomenological Derjaguin- and Hamaker constants, re-visited).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2125-2131
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume40
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

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derivation
Fluids
fluids
Liquids
solid-solid interfaces
liquid bridges
Adhesion
Gases
curvature
Electric fields
potential gradients
menisci
Chemical analysis
gravitational fields
solid phases
adhesion
gradients
Temperature
electric fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Classification and general derivation of interfacial forces, acting on phases, situated in the bulk, or at the interface of other phases",
abstract = "In the present paper the general equation and algorithm to derive interfacial forces, acting on phases, situated in the bulk, or at the interface of other phases are given. Based on that, interfacial forces are classified into the following six major types: (i) the {"}curvature induced interfacial force{"} (due to Laplace), (ii) the {"}interfacial gradient force{"}, acting on particles in inhomogeneous fluid phases, due to composition-, temperature- and electrical potential gradient (known as Marangoni force, or thermocapillary force), (iii) the {"}interfacial capillary force{"}, acting on a phase at an interface of two large phases, including the behaviour of solid particles at the liquid/gas, fluid/fluid and solid/solid interfaces (known as the capillary force, and as the Zener pinning force), (iv) the {"}interfacial meniscus force,{"} acting between two, solid phases, situated at a curved fluid/fluid or solid/solid interface, the curvature being due to the gravitational or electric fields (known also as the lateral capillary force, or electrodipping force), (v) the {"}liquid bridge induced interfacial force,{"} acting between two, solid particles, due to the liquid bridge of small volume between them, and (vi) the {"}interfacial adhesion force,{"} acting between two particles in a homogeneous fluid phase (with the phenomenological Derjaguin- and Hamaker constants, re-visited).",
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year = "2005",
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AB - In the present paper the general equation and algorithm to derive interfacial forces, acting on phases, situated in the bulk, or at the interface of other phases are given. Based on that, interfacial forces are classified into the following six major types: (i) the "curvature induced interfacial force" (due to Laplace), (ii) the "interfacial gradient force", acting on particles in inhomogeneous fluid phases, due to composition-, temperature- and electrical potential gradient (known as Marangoni force, or thermocapillary force), (iii) the "interfacial capillary force", acting on a phase at an interface of two large phases, including the behaviour of solid particles at the liquid/gas, fluid/fluid and solid/solid interfaces (known as the capillary force, and as the Zener pinning force), (iv) the "interfacial meniscus force," acting between two, solid phases, situated at a curved fluid/fluid or solid/solid interface, the curvature being due to the gravitational or electric fields (known also as the lateral capillary force, or electrodipping force), (v) the "liquid bridge induced interfacial force," acting between two, solid particles, due to the liquid bridge of small volume between them, and (vi) the "interfacial adhesion force," acting between two particles in a homogeneous fluid phase (with the phenomenological Derjaguin- and Hamaker constants, re-visited).

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