Cisplatin and gemcitabine first-line chemotherapy followed by maintenance gemcitabine or best supportive care in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: A phase III trial

Thomas Brodowicz, Maciej Krzakowski, Matjaz Zwitter, Valentina Tzekova, Rodryg Ramlau, Nicolae Ghilezan, Tudor Ciuleanu, Branka Cucevic, Kalman Gyurkovits, Ernst Ulsperger, Jacek Jassem, Mislav Grgic, Pinar Saip, Maria Szilasi, Christoph Wiltschke, Maria Wagnerova, Natalya Oskina, Victoria Soldatenkova, Christoph Zielinski, Miklos Wenczl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

290 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The primary objective of this randomized phase III study was to show significant difference in median time to progression (TTP) in patients with advanced NSCLC treated with single-agent gemcitabine maintenance therapy versus best supportive care following gemcitabine plus cisplatin initial first-line therapy. Patients and methods: Chemonaive patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC received gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 (days 1 and 8) plus cisplatin 80 mg/m2 (day 1) every 21 days. Patients achieving objective response or disease stabilization following initial gemcitabine plus cisplatin therapy were randomized (2:1 fashion) to receive maintenance gemcitabine (1250 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 every 21 days) plus best supportive care (GEM arm), or best supportive care only (BSC arm). Results: Between November 1999 and November 2002, we enrolled 352 patients (median age: 57 years; stage IV disease: 74%; Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >80: 41%). Following initial therapy, 206 patients were randomized and treated with gemcitabine (138) or best supportive care (68). TTP throughout the study period was 6.6 and 5 months for GEM and BSC arms, respectively, while values for the maintenance period were 3.6 and 2.0 months (for p < 0.001 for both). Median overall survival (OS) throughout study was 13.0 months for GEM and 11.0 months for BSC arms (p = 0.195). The toxicity profile was mild, with neutropenia being most common grade 3/4 toxicities. Conclusion: Maintenance therapy with gemcitabine, following initial therapy with gemcitabine plus cisplatin, was feasible, and produced significantly longer TTP compared to best supportive care alone. Further studies are warranted to establish the place of maintenance chemotherapy in patients with advanced NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-163
Number of pages9
JournalLung Cancer
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Best supportive care
  • Cisplatin
  • Gemcitabine
  • Maintenance
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Phase III

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cisplatin and gemcitabine first-line chemotherapy followed by maintenance gemcitabine or best supportive care in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: A phase III trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Brodowicz, T., Krzakowski, M., Zwitter, M., Tzekova, V., Ramlau, R., Ghilezan, N., Ciuleanu, T., Cucevic, B., Gyurkovits, K., Ulsperger, E., Jassem, J., Grgic, M., Saip, P., Szilasi, M., Wiltschke, C., Wagnerova, M., Oskina, N., Soldatenkova, V., Zielinski, C., & Wenczl, M. (2006). Cisplatin and gemcitabine first-line chemotherapy followed by maintenance gemcitabine or best supportive care in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: A phase III trial. Lung Cancer, 52(2), 155-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2006.01.006