This work demonstrates for the first time that binding of various compounds within subdomain IB of human serum albumin (HSA) provokes characteristic changes in the near-UV circular dichroism (CD) spectrum of the protein. It can be inferred from the spectroscopic features of difference ellipticity signals and from CD displacement experiments that tyrosine residues located in subdomain IB are the source of the observed spectral alterations. It is proposed that inclusion of some ligand molecules (bile acids, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, steroidal terpenes, fatty acids, ibuprofen, and gemfibrozil) into the pocket of subdomain IB disrupts the Tyr138-Tyr161 interhelical π-π stacking interaction, which is reflected in the CD spectrum. This phenomenon can be utilized for the CD detection of subdomain IB specific binding of endo- as well as exogenous agents and to study the drug binding associated local conformational adaptation of the HSA molecule.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry