Cholesteryl hemisuccinate's inductive effect on membrane rigidization regarding both, its remodelling of the cells' surface receptor pattern and its decreasing the natural killer susceptibility of K-562 cells.

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Abstract

The relationship of changes in membrane fluidity to natural killer susceptibility of K-562 target cells was investigated. Membrane rigidization was performed by the chemical modulator cholesteryl hemisuccinate. Steady-state fluorescence polarization measurements of the diphenyl hexatriene labelled, modified K-562 cells revealed that cholesteryl hemisuccinate increased the structural order of the hydrophobic region of membranes in a dose dependent way. Investigation of natural killer susceptibility followed by 51Cr release assay indicated that modified cells are less sensitive to natural killer attack. To elucidate whether surface structures such as transferrin and lectin receptors are associated with the altered susceptibility, the surface density of these receptors was followed by (I-125)-transferrin binding assay and quantitative immunofluorescence. We found that the number of transferrin and concanavalin A receptors increased by a factor of 2.44 and 2.00, respectively, whereas that of the wheat germ agglutinin receptor failed to exhibit any changes upon rigidization. From the results we concluded that i the membrane structural order does influence the natural killer susceptibility, ii changes in membrane structural order result in alteration of the number of cell surface transferrin and lectin receptors, iii however, no direct relationship seems to exist between these two events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-383
Number of pages13
JournalActa Biologica Hungarica
Volume42
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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Cell Surface Receptors
transferrin
Mitogen Receptors
membrane
Membranes
receptors
Transferrin Receptors
Transferrin
lectins
Concanavalin A Receptors
cells
Assays
Membrane Fluidity
Fluorescence Polarization
assay
membrane fluidity
wheat germ
Fluidity
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
agglutinins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Cholesteryl hemisuccinate's inductive effect on membrane rigidization regarding both, its remodelling of the cells' surface receptor pattern and its decreasing the natural killer susceptibility of K-562 cells.",
abstract = "The relationship of changes in membrane fluidity to natural killer susceptibility of K-562 target cells was investigated. Membrane rigidization was performed by the chemical modulator cholesteryl hemisuccinate. Steady-state fluorescence polarization measurements of the diphenyl hexatriene labelled, modified K-562 cells revealed that cholesteryl hemisuccinate increased the structural order of the hydrophobic region of membranes in a dose dependent way. Investigation of natural killer susceptibility followed by 51Cr release assay indicated that modified cells are less sensitive to natural killer attack. To elucidate whether surface structures such as transferrin and lectin receptors are associated with the altered susceptibility, the surface density of these receptors was followed by (I-125)-transferrin binding assay and quantitative immunofluorescence. We found that the number of transferrin and concanavalin A receptors increased by a factor of 2.44 and 2.00, respectively, whereas that of the wheat germ agglutinin receptor failed to exhibit any changes upon rigidization. From the results we concluded that i the membrane structural order does influence the natural killer susceptibility, ii changes in membrane structural order result in alteration of the number of cell surface transferrin and lectin receptors, iii however, no direct relationship seems to exist between these two events.",
author = "L. Pajor and E. K{\'a}lm{\'a}n and T. Kőszegi",
year = "1991",
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AU - Pajor, L.

AU - Kálmán, E.

AU - Kőszegi, T.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The relationship of changes in membrane fluidity to natural killer susceptibility of K-562 target cells was investigated. Membrane rigidization was performed by the chemical modulator cholesteryl hemisuccinate. Steady-state fluorescence polarization measurements of the diphenyl hexatriene labelled, modified K-562 cells revealed that cholesteryl hemisuccinate increased the structural order of the hydrophobic region of membranes in a dose dependent way. Investigation of natural killer susceptibility followed by 51Cr release assay indicated that modified cells are less sensitive to natural killer attack. To elucidate whether surface structures such as transferrin and lectin receptors are associated with the altered susceptibility, the surface density of these receptors was followed by (I-125)-transferrin binding assay and quantitative immunofluorescence. We found that the number of transferrin and concanavalin A receptors increased by a factor of 2.44 and 2.00, respectively, whereas that of the wheat germ agglutinin receptor failed to exhibit any changes upon rigidization. From the results we concluded that i the membrane structural order does influence the natural killer susceptibility, ii changes in membrane structural order result in alteration of the number of cell surface transferrin and lectin receptors, iii however, no direct relationship seems to exist between these two events.

AB - The relationship of changes in membrane fluidity to natural killer susceptibility of K-562 target cells was investigated. Membrane rigidization was performed by the chemical modulator cholesteryl hemisuccinate. Steady-state fluorescence polarization measurements of the diphenyl hexatriene labelled, modified K-562 cells revealed that cholesteryl hemisuccinate increased the structural order of the hydrophobic region of membranes in a dose dependent way. Investigation of natural killer susceptibility followed by 51Cr release assay indicated that modified cells are less sensitive to natural killer attack. To elucidate whether surface structures such as transferrin and lectin receptors are associated with the altered susceptibility, the surface density of these receptors was followed by (I-125)-transferrin binding assay and quantitative immunofluorescence. We found that the number of transferrin and concanavalin A receptors increased by a factor of 2.44 and 2.00, respectively, whereas that of the wheat germ agglutinin receptor failed to exhibit any changes upon rigidization. From the results we concluded that i the membrane structural order does influence the natural killer susceptibility, ii changes in membrane structural order result in alteration of the number of cell surface transferrin and lectin receptors, iii however, no direct relationship seems to exist between these two events.

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JO - Acta Biologica Hungarica

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