Cholesterol and sphingolipids as lipid organizers of the immune cells' plasma membrane: Their impact on the functions of MHC molecules, effector T-lymphocytes and T-cell death

Imre Gombos, Endre Kiss, Cynthia Detre, Glória László, János Matkó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The possible regulatory mechanisms by which glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains, caveolar and non-caveolar lipid rafts, control the immune response are continuosly expanding. In the present overview we will focus on how these membrane-organizing lipids are involved, in collaboration with tetraspanin proteins, in the formation of distinct MHC-I and MHC-II microdomains at the cell surface and will analyze the possible roles of MHC compartmentation in the processes of antigen presentation and regulation of various stages of the cellular immune response. Some basic, lipid raft- and tetraspan mediated mechanisms involved in the formation and function of immunological synapses between various APCs and T-cells will also be discussed. Finally, a new aspect of immune regulation by sphingolipids will be briefly described, namely how can the death or stress signals, leading to ceramide accumulation, result in raft-associated regulatory platforms controlling cell death or antigen-induced, TCRmediated signaling of T-lymphocytes. The influence of these signals and their cross-talk on the fate (death or survival) of T-cells and the outcome of T-cell response will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-69
Number of pages11
JournalImmunology letters
Volume104
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2006

Keywords

  • Antigen presentation
  • Cell death
  • Cholesterol
  • Lipid rafts
  • MHC-clustering
  • Sphingolipids
  • T-cell activation
  • Tetraspanins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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