Chlorogenic acid content and antioxidant properties of potato tubers as related to nitrogen fertilisation

A. Lugasi, D. P.F. Almeida, E. Dworschák

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chlorogenic acid and the total polyphenol content were analysed in two different potato varieties (Kennebec, Agria) grown under five different nitrogen fertiliser rates (0, 75, 150, 225, 300 kg ha-1). Chlorogenic acid content ranged between 6.0-22.3 mg kg-1 fresh weight and was not influenced by fertiliser levels. The chlorogenic acid in potato tubers accounted for almost 90% of the total polyphenols. Free radical scavenging and antioxidant acitivities of the tubers were also analysed. Ethanolic extracts of the tubers showed marked hydrogen-donating activity in the experiment using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), they had reducing power as measured by the Fe(III)→Fe(II) reaction, but did not exhibit H2O2 scavenging activity assessed with a chemiluminescence method. Potato extracts showed significant, although weak Cu(II)-chelating activity and inhibited the autoxidation of linoleic acid as measured by the thiocyanate method. Chlorogenic acid containing extract of potato, can act as primary and secondary antioxidant in prevention of oxidative stress. The strong correlation between the antioxidant activity and the level of total pholyphenols suggests that the phenolic compounds are important antioxidant components of whole potato tubers. Variety had minimal, while nitrogen fertiliser rate had no effects on the levels of the studied characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-195
Number of pages13
JournalActa Alimentaria
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Chlorogenic acid
  • Free radical scavenger
  • Nitrogen fertiliser
  • Potato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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