Childhood obesity prevention studies: Lessons learned and to be learned

B. Livingstone, T. A. McCaffrey, K. L. Rennie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To provide an overview of methodological issues in the design, delivery and evaluation of childhood obesity prevention programmes. Design: Review of existing literature. Setting: International. Results: Interventions have varied considerably with regard to their design, subject selection criteria, sample size, attrition rates, intervention components and duration of both the intervention and the follow-up phases. However, overall, there is only a limited body of consistent, high-quality evidence on which valid and generalisable conclusions can be drawn about best practices for the prevention of childhood obesity. Conclusions: Although the rationale for targeting children and adolescents through primary prevention is now compelling, effective obesity prevention remains elusive. There is increasing consensus that prevention of childhood obesity necessitates multifaceted health promotion interventions based on population health principles. By definition, such interventions should have a range of outcome indicators of effectiveness, generalisability and sustainability, not just the traditional ones focused on individual lifestyle behaviour change. Given the complexity and intricacy of population-based intervention programmes, multiple methods of data collection which combine both qualitative and quantitative approaches will need to be fully exploited in order to move towards evidence-based practice in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1129
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume9
Issue number8A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

childhood obesity
Pediatric Obesity
health promotion
Evidence-Based Practice
behavior change
Primary Prevention
selection criteria
Health Promotion
Practice Guidelines
Sample Size
Patient Selection
Population
lifestyle
Life Style
Consensus
obesity
Obesity
duration
Health
sampling

Keywords

  • Children
  • Methodology
  • Obesity
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Food Science

Cite this

Childhood obesity prevention studies : Lessons learned and to be learned. / Livingstone, B.; McCaffrey, T. A.; Rennie, K. L.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 9, No. 8A, 12.2006, p. 1121-1129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Livingstone, B. ; McCaffrey, T. A. ; Rennie, K. L. / Childhood obesity prevention studies : Lessons learned and to be learned. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2006 ; Vol. 9, No. 8A. pp. 1121-1129.
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