Childhood membranous nephropathy, circulating antibodies to the 58-kD TIN antigen, and anti-tubular basement membrane nephritis

An 11-year follow- up

B. Iványi, I. Haszon, E. Endreffy, P. Szenohradszky, I. B. Petri, T. Kalmar, R. J. Butkowski, A. S. Charonis, S. Túri

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Abstract

Childhood membranous nephropathy (MNP) with anti-tubular basement membrane (anti-TBM) nephritis is a rare disorder that may have extrarenal manifestations. This article describes a new case to be added to the 10 previously reported. A renal biopsy specimen from a 1-year-old white boy with nephrotic syndrome, microhematuria, and hypertension showed MNP (granular global IgG, IgA and C3, and segmental IgM and C1q) associated with hypercellularity and granular deposits of IgM and C1q in the mesanglum, arteriolar IgA, and linear TBM IgG, IgA, and C3. A biopsy at age 4 years showed MNP (IgG and C3) and linear IgG and C3 along the TBM. Six months later, temporary glucosuria suggested a mild tubular dysfunction. Biopsy at age 8 years showed sclerosing MNP (IgG and C3), linear TBM IgG and C3, and chronic active tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). Indirect immunofluorescence showed circulating anti-TBM antibodies, and the enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) approach verified strong reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen. Despite trials with steroids, chlorambucil, azathioprine, and cyclosporine, end-stage renal disease developed by the age of 9 years. At age 10 years, the patient received a cadaveric kidney transplant. With the patient now aged 12 years, the graft is still functioning well, without any clinical evidence of disease recurrence. Neurological, ocular, and abdominal symptoms, including nonbacterial diarrhea, were observed during the follow-up period. The pathophysiology of these extrarenal symptoms remains unclear. Serotyping and genotyping of HLA antigens (A2, A10, B12, B41, DR5 [1101, 1103-4, 1106 or 1108-1113], DR6 [1303, 1312, or 1413], DRB3 [*0101 and 0201-2 or 0301], DQA1 [*0501 homozygous], and DQB1 [*0301 homozygous]) did not indicate any HLA association similar to those described previously in childhood MNP with anti- TBM nephritis (HLA-B7 in four patients, HLA-DR8 in two patients). The presented case is the fifth in the literature that displays reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen, and for which data on HLA antigens are reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068-1074
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume32
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Interstitial Nephritis
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Nephritis
Basement Membrane
Immunoglobulin G
Antigens
Antibodies
Immunoglobulin A
Biopsy
Immunoglobulin M
HLA-B7 Antigen
Transplants
Kidney
Chlorambucil
HLA-A2 Antigen
Serotyping
Azathioprine
Nephrotic Syndrome
Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Technique
HLA Antigens

Keywords

  • Anti-tubular basement membrane nephritis
  • End-stage renal disease
  • HLA class I and II antigens
  • Membranous nephropathy
  • Renal transplantation
  • Tubular dysfunction
  • Tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

@article{0bc424500094446eb680165dd43a007a,
title = "Childhood membranous nephropathy, circulating antibodies to the 58-kD TIN antigen, and anti-tubular basement membrane nephritis: An 11-year follow- up",
abstract = "Childhood membranous nephropathy (MNP) with anti-tubular basement membrane (anti-TBM) nephritis is a rare disorder that may have extrarenal manifestations. This article describes a new case to be added to the 10 previously reported. A renal biopsy specimen from a 1-year-old white boy with nephrotic syndrome, microhematuria, and hypertension showed MNP (granular global IgG, IgA and C3, and segmental IgM and C1q) associated with hypercellularity and granular deposits of IgM and C1q in the mesanglum, arteriolar IgA, and linear TBM IgG, IgA, and C3. A biopsy at age 4 years showed MNP (IgG and C3) and linear IgG and C3 along the TBM. Six months later, temporary glucosuria suggested a mild tubular dysfunction. Biopsy at age 8 years showed sclerosing MNP (IgG and C3), linear TBM IgG and C3, and chronic active tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). Indirect immunofluorescence showed circulating anti-TBM antibodies, and the enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) approach verified strong reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen. Despite trials with steroids, chlorambucil, azathioprine, and cyclosporine, end-stage renal disease developed by the age of 9 years. At age 10 years, the patient received a cadaveric kidney transplant. With the patient now aged 12 years, the graft is still functioning well, without any clinical evidence of disease recurrence. Neurological, ocular, and abdominal symptoms, including nonbacterial diarrhea, were observed during the follow-up period. The pathophysiology of these extrarenal symptoms remains unclear. Serotyping and genotyping of HLA antigens (A2, A10, B12, B41, DR5 [1101, 1103-4, 1106 or 1108-1113], DR6 [1303, 1312, or 1413], DRB3 [*0101 and 0201-2 or 0301], DQA1 [*0501 homozygous], and DQB1 [*0301 homozygous]) did not indicate any HLA association similar to those described previously in childhood MNP with anti- TBM nephritis (HLA-B7 in four patients, HLA-DR8 in two patients). The presented case is the fifth in the literature that displays reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen, and for which data on HLA antigens are reported.",
keywords = "Anti-tubular basement membrane nephritis, End-stage renal disease, HLA class I and II antigens, Membranous nephropathy, Renal transplantation, Tubular dysfunction, Tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen",
author = "B. Iv{\'a}nyi and I. Haszon and E. Endreffy and P. Szenohradszky and Petri, {I. B.} and T. Kalmar and Butkowski, {R. J.} and Charonis, {A. S.} and S. T{\'u}ri",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "1068--1074",
journal = "American Journal of Kidney Diseases",
issn = "0272-6386",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood membranous nephropathy, circulating antibodies to the 58-kD TIN antigen, and anti-tubular basement membrane nephritis

T2 - An 11-year follow- up

AU - Iványi, B.

AU - Haszon, I.

AU - Endreffy, E.

AU - Szenohradszky, P.

AU - Petri, I. B.

AU - Kalmar, T.

AU - Butkowski, R. J.

AU - Charonis, A. S.

AU - Túri, S.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Childhood membranous nephropathy (MNP) with anti-tubular basement membrane (anti-TBM) nephritis is a rare disorder that may have extrarenal manifestations. This article describes a new case to be added to the 10 previously reported. A renal biopsy specimen from a 1-year-old white boy with nephrotic syndrome, microhematuria, and hypertension showed MNP (granular global IgG, IgA and C3, and segmental IgM and C1q) associated with hypercellularity and granular deposits of IgM and C1q in the mesanglum, arteriolar IgA, and linear TBM IgG, IgA, and C3. A biopsy at age 4 years showed MNP (IgG and C3) and linear IgG and C3 along the TBM. Six months later, temporary glucosuria suggested a mild tubular dysfunction. Biopsy at age 8 years showed sclerosing MNP (IgG and C3), linear TBM IgG and C3, and chronic active tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). Indirect immunofluorescence showed circulating anti-TBM antibodies, and the enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) approach verified strong reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen. Despite trials with steroids, chlorambucil, azathioprine, and cyclosporine, end-stage renal disease developed by the age of 9 years. At age 10 years, the patient received a cadaveric kidney transplant. With the patient now aged 12 years, the graft is still functioning well, without any clinical evidence of disease recurrence. Neurological, ocular, and abdominal symptoms, including nonbacterial diarrhea, were observed during the follow-up period. The pathophysiology of these extrarenal symptoms remains unclear. Serotyping and genotyping of HLA antigens (A2, A10, B12, B41, DR5 [1101, 1103-4, 1106 or 1108-1113], DR6 [1303, 1312, or 1413], DRB3 [*0101 and 0201-2 or 0301], DQA1 [*0501 homozygous], and DQB1 [*0301 homozygous]) did not indicate any HLA association similar to those described previously in childhood MNP with anti- TBM nephritis (HLA-B7 in four patients, HLA-DR8 in two patients). The presented case is the fifth in the literature that displays reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen, and for which data on HLA antigens are reported.

AB - Childhood membranous nephropathy (MNP) with anti-tubular basement membrane (anti-TBM) nephritis is a rare disorder that may have extrarenal manifestations. This article describes a new case to be added to the 10 previously reported. A renal biopsy specimen from a 1-year-old white boy with nephrotic syndrome, microhematuria, and hypertension showed MNP (granular global IgG, IgA and C3, and segmental IgM and C1q) associated with hypercellularity and granular deposits of IgM and C1q in the mesanglum, arteriolar IgA, and linear TBM IgG, IgA, and C3. A biopsy at age 4 years showed MNP (IgG and C3) and linear IgG and C3 along the TBM. Six months later, temporary glucosuria suggested a mild tubular dysfunction. Biopsy at age 8 years showed sclerosing MNP (IgG and C3), linear TBM IgG and C3, and chronic active tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). Indirect immunofluorescence showed circulating anti-TBM antibodies, and the enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) approach verified strong reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen. Despite trials with steroids, chlorambucil, azathioprine, and cyclosporine, end-stage renal disease developed by the age of 9 years. At age 10 years, the patient received a cadaveric kidney transplant. With the patient now aged 12 years, the graft is still functioning well, without any clinical evidence of disease recurrence. Neurological, ocular, and abdominal symptoms, including nonbacterial diarrhea, were observed during the follow-up period. The pathophysiology of these extrarenal symptoms remains unclear. Serotyping and genotyping of HLA antigens (A2, A10, B12, B41, DR5 [1101, 1103-4, 1106 or 1108-1113], DR6 [1303, 1312, or 1413], DRB3 [*0101 and 0201-2 or 0301], DQA1 [*0501 homozygous], and DQB1 [*0301 homozygous]) did not indicate any HLA association similar to those described previously in childhood MNP with anti- TBM nephritis (HLA-B7 in four patients, HLA-DR8 in two patients). The presented case is the fifth in the literature that displays reactivity with the 58-kd TIN antigen, and for which data on HLA antigens are reported.

KW - Anti-tubular basement membrane nephritis

KW - End-stage renal disease

KW - HLA class I and II antigens

KW - Membranous nephropathy

KW - Renal transplantation

KW - Tubular dysfunction

KW - Tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen

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M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 1068

EP - 1074

JO - American Journal of Kidney Diseases

JF - American Journal of Kidney Diseases

SN - 0272-6386

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