Oral carcinogenesis often leads to the alteration of the microbiota at the site of the tumor, but data are scarce regarding the microbial communities of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs). Punch biopsies were taken from healthy and non-healthy mucosa of OPMD patients to analyze the microbiome using metagenome sequencing. In healthy oral mucosa biopsies the bacterial phyla Firmicutes, Fusobacteria, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes were detected by Ion Torrent sequencing. The same phyla as well as the phyla Fibrobacteres and Spirochaetes were present in the OPMD biopsies. On the species level, there were 10 bacterial species unique to the healthy tissue and 35 species unique to the OPMD lesions whereas eight species were detected in both samples. We observed that the relative abundance of Streptococcus mitis decreased in the OPMD lesions compared to the uninvolved tissue. In contrast, the relative abundance of Fusobacterium nucleatum, implicated in carcinogenesis, was elevated in OPMD. We detected markedly increased bacterial diversity in the OPMD lesions compared to the healthy oral mucosa. The ratio of S. mitis and F. nucleatum are characteristically altered in the OPMD lesions compared to the healthy mucosa.
- Metagenome sequencing
- Oral microbiome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cancer Research