Chemo- and diastereoselectivity in the dimethyldioxirane oxidation of 2,3-dihydro-4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-ones and 4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-ones. Unusual reactivity of 4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-one 1-oxides1

T. Patonay, W. Adam, A. Lévai, P. Kövér, M. Németh, E. M. Peters, K. Peters

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Abstract

The oxidation of the 1-thiochromanones 1-3 by dimethyldioxirane (DMD) produced the corresponding sulfoxides 4-6 or sulfones 7-9; their relative amounts depended on the amount of oxidant used. A low diastereoselectivity was observed in the sulfoxidation of the 2-substituted 1-thiochromanones 2 and 3, due to the small steric differentiation during the DMD attack. An unusual reactivity pattern was found in the DMD oxidation of the 1-thiochromones 10-12, in that the sulfoxides 13-15 were more reactive toward the electrophilic oxidizing agent than the corresponding sulfides. The observed anomaly may be explained in terms of transannular stabilization of the transition structure (TS) for the sulfone formation, promoted through favorable conformational effects in the sulfoxide. Higher sulfoxide/sulfone ratios were found in solvents of greater hydrogen bond donor capacity, which is in accordance with the postulated stabilizing effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2275-2280
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume66
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 6 2001

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sulfoxide
Sulfones
Sulfoxides
Oxidants
Oxidation
Sulfides
Hydrogen bonds
Stabilization
dimethyldioxirane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Chemo- and diastereoselectivity in the dimethyldioxirane oxidation of 2,3-dihydro-4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-ones and 4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-ones. Unusual reactivity of 4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-one 1-oxides1",
abstract = "The oxidation of the 1-thiochromanones 1-3 by dimethyldioxirane (DMD) produced the corresponding sulfoxides 4-6 or sulfones 7-9; their relative amounts depended on the amount of oxidant used. A low diastereoselectivity was observed in the sulfoxidation of the 2-substituted 1-thiochromanones 2 and 3, due to the small steric differentiation during the DMD attack. An unusual reactivity pattern was found in the DMD oxidation of the 1-thiochromones 10-12, in that the sulfoxides 13-15 were more reactive toward the electrophilic oxidizing agent than the corresponding sulfides. The observed anomaly may be explained in terms of transannular stabilization of the transition structure (TS) for the sulfone formation, promoted through favorable conformational effects in the sulfoxide. Higher sulfoxide/sulfone ratios were found in solvents of greater hydrogen bond donor capacity, which is in accordance with the postulated stabilizing effect.",
author = "T. Patonay and W. Adam and A. L{\'e}vai and P. K{\"o}v{\'e}r and M. N{\'e}meth and Peters, {E. M.} and K. Peters",
year = "2001",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Chemo- and diastereoselectivity in the dimethyldioxirane oxidation of 2,3-dihydro-4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-ones and 4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-ones. Unusual reactivity of 4H-1-benzothiopyran-4-one 1-oxides1

AU - Patonay, T.

AU - Adam, W.

AU - Lévai, A.

AU - Kövér, P.

AU - Németh, M.

AU - Peters, E. M.

AU - Peters, K.

PY - 2001/4/6

Y1 - 2001/4/6

N2 - The oxidation of the 1-thiochromanones 1-3 by dimethyldioxirane (DMD) produced the corresponding sulfoxides 4-6 or sulfones 7-9; their relative amounts depended on the amount of oxidant used. A low diastereoselectivity was observed in the sulfoxidation of the 2-substituted 1-thiochromanones 2 and 3, due to the small steric differentiation during the DMD attack. An unusual reactivity pattern was found in the DMD oxidation of the 1-thiochromones 10-12, in that the sulfoxides 13-15 were more reactive toward the electrophilic oxidizing agent than the corresponding sulfides. The observed anomaly may be explained in terms of transannular stabilization of the transition structure (TS) for the sulfone formation, promoted through favorable conformational effects in the sulfoxide. Higher sulfoxide/sulfone ratios were found in solvents of greater hydrogen bond donor capacity, which is in accordance with the postulated stabilizing effect.

AB - The oxidation of the 1-thiochromanones 1-3 by dimethyldioxirane (DMD) produced the corresponding sulfoxides 4-6 or sulfones 7-9; their relative amounts depended on the amount of oxidant used. A low diastereoselectivity was observed in the sulfoxidation of the 2-substituted 1-thiochromanones 2 and 3, due to the small steric differentiation during the DMD attack. An unusual reactivity pattern was found in the DMD oxidation of the 1-thiochromones 10-12, in that the sulfoxides 13-15 were more reactive toward the electrophilic oxidizing agent than the corresponding sulfides. The observed anomaly may be explained in terms of transannular stabilization of the transition structure (TS) for the sulfone formation, promoted through favorable conformational effects in the sulfoxide. Higher sulfoxide/sulfone ratios were found in solvents of greater hydrogen bond donor capacity, which is in accordance with the postulated stabilizing effect.

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