The oxidation of the 1-thiochromanones 1-3 by dimethyldioxirane (DMD) produced the corresponding sulfoxides 4-6 or sulfones 7-9; their relative amounts depended on the amount of oxidant used. A low diastereoselectivity was observed in the sulfoxidation of the 2-substituted 1-thiochromanones 2 and 3, due to the small steric differentiation during the DMD attack. An unusual reactivity pattern was found in the DMD oxidation of the 1-thiochromones 10-12, in that the sulfoxides 13-15 were more reactive toward the electrophilic oxidizing agent than the corresponding sulfides. The observed anomaly may be explained in terms of transannular stabilization of the transition structure (TS) for the sulfone formation, promoted through favorable conformational effects in the sulfoxide. Higher sulfoxide/sulfone ratios were found in solvents of greater hydrogen bond donor capacity, which is in accordance with the postulated stabilizing effect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry