Chemical composition and mass closure for fine and coarse aerosols at a kerbside in Budapest, Hungary, in spring 2002

Willy Maenhaut, Nico Raes, Xuguang Chi, Jan Cafmeyer, Wan Wang, Imre Salma

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42 Citations (Scopus)


A comprehensive chemical aerosol characterization was carried out at a kerbside in downtown Budapest in spring 2002. Several filter samplers were deployed in parallel for day and night collections, and a total of 23 parallel collections were made. All samples were analysed for the particulate mass (PM) by weighing. Depending on the sampler type and/or collection substrate, further analyses were performed for up to 46 elements by a combination of particle-induced x-ray emission (PIXE) spectrometry and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), for major anions and cations by ion chromatography and for organic carbon and elemental carbon by a thermal-optical transmission technique. Some of the elements measured could clearly be associated with traffic-related sources, e.g. Cu and Sb were attributed to emissions from brake linings. Aerosol chemical mass closure calculations were made for the separate fine (<2 μm) and coarse (2-10 μm) size fractions and also for the PM10 aerosol. For reconstituting the gravimetric PM, eight aerosol types were considered, and three aerosol types were deduced from the PIXE/INAA elemental data set. Organic matter and elemental carbon were the dominant aerosol types in the fine fraction; they explained on average 43 and 21%, respectively, of the fine PM. The coarse PM consisted mainly of crustal matter (49%) and organic matter (30%). The large contribution from crustal matter (road dust) to the coarse fraction is consistent with other data from kerbside sites in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-296
Number of pages7
JournalX-Ray Spectrometry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy

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