Checklist of the hard tick (Acari: Ixodidae) fauna of Hungary with emphasis on host-associations and the emergence of Rhipicephalus sanguineus

Sándor Hornok, Dávid Kováts, Gábor Horváth, Jenő Kontschán, Róbert Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Hungary is situated in the southern part of Central Europe, next to the northern boundary of the Mediterranean region. This geographical position may allow the northward expansion of Mediterranean ixodid tick species into Hungary, particularly in the era of warming climate. During the past 14 years numerous surveys have been published on the species and activity of hard ticks occurring in the country. However, it was 60 years ago that the last comprehensive review of ixodid ticks of Hungary was published, and only in Hungarian language. The purpose of the present checklist is to provide a comprehensive and complete overview of the ixodid fauna of Hungary, based on tick reports published so far in Hungarian or English, also including hitherto unpublished data. Altogether 27 hard tick species were identified in Hungary, of which 21 can be regarded as indigenous. Most importantly, the autochthonous occurrence of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato was not known prior to 2005, but during the last 14 years increasing numbers of cases have been reported, attesting the emergence of this tick species in Hungary. Whereas R. sanguineus sensu lato was always associated with dogs and cats in Hungary, other tick species show differences in host associations according to habitat type, seasonal activity and questing height. Changes in the distribution, abundance and seasonality of a few tick species were also noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-328
Number of pages18
JournalExperimental and Applied Acarology
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Chiropterophilic
  • Distribution
  • Ecology
  • Habitat
  • Hard ticks
  • Nidiculous
  • Ornithophilic
  • Pholeophilic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

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