Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon

T. Alber, H. Appelshäuser, J. Bächler, J. Bartke, H. Białkowska, M. A. Bloomer, R. Bock, W. J. Braithwaite, D. Brinkmann, R. Brockmann, P. Bunčić, P. Chan, J. G. Cramer, P. B. Cramer, I. Derado, B. Eberlein, V. Eckardt, J. Eschke, C. Favuzzi, D. FerencB. Fleischmann, P. Foka, P. Freund, M. Fuchs, M. Gaździcki, E. Gładysz, J. Grebieszkow, J. Günther, J. W. Harris, M. Hoffmann, P. Jacobs, S. Kabana, K. Kadija, R. Keidel, M. Kowalski, A. Kühmichel, F. Lave, J. Y. Lee, A. Ljubičić, S. Margetis, J. T. Mitchell, R. Morse, E. Nappi, G. Odyniec, G. Paić, A. D. Panagiotou, A. Petridis, A. Piper, F. Posa, A. M. Poskanzer, F. Pühlhofer, W. Rauch, R. Renfordt, W. Retyk, D. Röhrich, G. Roland, H. Rothard, K. Runge, A. Sandoval, N. Schmitz, E. Schmoetten, R. Sendelbach, P. Seyboth, J. Seyerlein, E. Skrzypczak, P. Spinelli, R. Stock, H. Ströbele, L. Teitelbaum, S. Tonse, T. A. Trainor, G. Vasileiadis, M. Vassiliou, G. Vesztergombi, D. Vranic, S. Wenig, B. Wosiek, X. Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of net protons and negatively charged hadrons have been measured for minimum bias proton-nucleus and deuteron-gold interactions, as well as central oxygen-gold and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. The rapidity density of net protons at midrapidity in central nucleus-nucleus collisions increases both with target mass for sulphur projectiles and with the projectile mass for a gold target. The shape of the rapidity distributions of net protons forward of midrapidity for d+Au and central S+Au collisions is similar. The average rapidity loss is larger than 2 units of rapidity for reactions with the gold target. The transverse momentum spectra of net protons for all reactions can be described by a thermal distribution with 'temperatures' between 145±11 MeV (p+S interactions) and 244±43 MeV (central S+Au collisions). The multiplicity of negatively charged hadrons increases with the mass of the colliding system. The shape of the transverse momentum spectra of negatively charged hadrons changes from minimum bias p+p and p+S interactions to p+Au and central nucleus-nucleus collisions. The mean transverse momentum is almost constant in the vicinity of midrapidity and shows little variation with the target and projectile masses. The average number of produced negatively charged hadrons per participant baryon increases slightly from p+p, p+A to central S+S,Ag collisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-659
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume2
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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particle production
deuterons
charged particles
sulfur
transverse momentum
hadrons
nuclei
collisions
protons
oxygen
gold
projectiles
interactions
baryons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Alber, T., Appelshäuser, H., Bächler, J., Bartke, J., Białkowska, H., Bloomer, M. A., ... Zhu, X. (1998). Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. European Physical Journal C, 2(4), 643-659.

Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. / Alber, T.; Appelshäuser, H.; Bächler, J.; Bartke, J.; Białkowska, H.; Bloomer, M. A.; Bock, R.; Braithwaite, W. J.; Brinkmann, D.; Brockmann, R.; Bunčić, P.; Chan, P.; Cramer, J. G.; Cramer, P. B.; Derado, I.; Eberlein, B.; Eckardt, V.; Eschke, J.; Favuzzi, C.; Ferenc, D.; Fleischmann, B.; Foka, P.; Freund, P.; Fuchs, M.; Gaździcki, M.; Gładysz, E.; Grebieszkow, J.; Günther, J.; Harris, J. W.; Hoffmann, M.; Jacobs, P.; Kabana, S.; Kadija, K.; Keidel, R.; Kowalski, M.; Kühmichel, A.; Lave, F.; Lee, J. Y.; Ljubičić, A.; Margetis, S.; Mitchell, J. T.; Morse, R.; Nappi, E.; Odyniec, G.; Paić, G.; Panagiotou, A. D.; Petridis, A.; Piper, A.; Posa, F.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Pühlhofer, F.; Rauch, W.; Renfordt, R.; Retyk, W.; Röhrich, D.; Roland, G.; Rothard, H.; Runge, K.; Sandoval, A.; Schmitz, N.; Schmoetten, E.; Sendelbach, R.; Seyboth, P.; Seyerlein, J.; Skrzypczak, E.; Spinelli, P.; Stock, R.; Ströbele, H.; Teitelbaum, L.; Tonse, S.; Trainor, T. A.; Vasileiadis, G.; Vassiliou, M.; Vesztergombi, G.; Vranic, D.; Wenig, S.; Wosiek, B.; Zhu, X.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1998, p. 643-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alber, T, Appelshäuser, H, Bächler, J, Bartke, J, Białkowska, H, Bloomer, MA, Bock, R, Braithwaite, WJ, Brinkmann, D, Brockmann, R, Bunčić, P, Chan, P, Cramer, JG, Cramer, PB, Derado, I, Eberlein, B, Eckardt, V, Eschke, J, Favuzzi, C, Ferenc, D, Fleischmann, B, Foka, P, Freund, P, Fuchs, M, Gaździcki, M, Gładysz, E, Grebieszkow, J, Günther, J, Harris, JW, Hoffmann, M, Jacobs, P, Kabana, S, Kadija, K, Keidel, R, Kowalski, M, Kühmichel, A, Lave, F, Lee, JY, Ljubičić, A, Margetis, S, Mitchell, JT, Morse, R, Nappi, E, Odyniec, G, Paić, G, Panagiotou, AD, Petridis, A, Piper, A, Posa, F, Poskanzer, AM, Pühlhofer, F, Rauch, W, Renfordt, R, Retyk, W, Röhrich, D, Roland, G, Rothard, H, Runge, K, Sandoval, A, Schmitz, N, Schmoetten, E, Sendelbach, R, Seyboth, P, Seyerlein, J, Skrzypczak, E, Spinelli, P, Stock, R, Ströbele, H, Teitelbaum, L, Tonse, S, Trainor, TA, Vasileiadis, G, Vassiliou, M, Vesztergombi, G, Vranic, D, Wenig, S, Wosiek, B & Zhu, X 1998, 'Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon', European Physical Journal C, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 643-659.
Alber T, Appelshäuser H, Bächler J, Bartke J, Białkowska H, Bloomer MA et al. Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. European Physical Journal C. 1998;2(4):643-659.
Alber, T. ; Appelshäuser, H. ; Bächler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Białkowska, H. ; Bloomer, M. A. ; Bock, R. ; Braithwaite, W. J. ; Brinkmann, D. ; Brockmann, R. ; Bunčić, P. ; Chan, P. ; Cramer, J. G. ; Cramer, P. B. ; Derado, I. ; Eberlein, B. ; Eckardt, V. ; Eschke, J. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Ferenc, D. ; Fleischmann, B. ; Foka, P. ; Freund, P. ; Fuchs, M. ; Gaździcki, M. ; Gładysz, E. ; Grebieszkow, J. ; Günther, J. ; Harris, J. W. ; Hoffmann, M. ; Jacobs, P. ; Kabana, S. ; Kadija, K. ; Keidel, R. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kühmichel, A. ; Lave, F. ; Lee, J. Y. ; Ljubičić, A. ; Margetis, S. ; Mitchell, J. T. ; Morse, R. ; Nappi, E. ; Odyniec, G. ; Paić, G. ; Panagiotou, A. D. ; Petridis, A. ; Piper, A. ; Posa, F. ; Poskanzer, A. M. ; Pühlhofer, F. ; Rauch, W. ; Renfordt, R. ; Retyk, W. ; Röhrich, D. ; Roland, G. ; Rothard, H. ; Runge, K. ; Sandoval, A. ; Schmitz, N. ; Schmoetten, E. ; Sendelbach, R. ; Seyboth, P. ; Seyerlein, J. ; Skrzypczak, E. ; Spinelli, P. ; Stock, R. ; Ströbele, H. ; Teitelbaum, L. ; Tonse, S. ; Trainor, T. A. ; Vasileiadis, G. ; Vassiliou, M. ; Vesztergombi, G. ; Vranic, D. ; Wenig, S. ; Wosiek, B. ; Zhu, X. / Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. In: European Physical Journal C. 1998 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 643-659.
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title = "Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon",
abstract = "The transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of net protons and negatively charged hadrons have been measured for minimum bias proton-nucleus and deuteron-gold interactions, as well as central oxygen-gold and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. The rapidity density of net protons at midrapidity in central nucleus-nucleus collisions increases both with target mass for sulphur projectiles and with the projectile mass for a gold target. The shape of the rapidity distributions of net protons forward of midrapidity for d+Au and central S+Au collisions is similar. The average rapidity loss is larger than 2 units of rapidity for reactions with the gold target. The transverse momentum spectra of net protons for all reactions can be described by a thermal distribution with 'temperatures' between 145±11 MeV (p+S interactions) and 244±43 MeV (central S+Au collisions). The multiplicity of negatively charged hadrons increases with the mass of the colliding system. The shape of the transverse momentum spectra of negatively charged hadrons changes from minimum bias p+p and p+S interactions to p+Au and central nucleus-nucleus collisions. The mean transverse momentum is almost constant in the vicinity of midrapidity and shows little variation with the target and projectile masses. The average number of produced negatively charged hadrons per participant baryon increases slightly from p+p, p+A to central S+S,Ag collisions.",
author = "T. Alber and H. Appelsh{\"a}user and J. B{\"a}chler and J. Bartke and H. Białkowska and Bloomer, {M. A.} and R. Bock and Braithwaite, {W. J.} and D. Brinkmann and R. Brockmann and P. Bunčić and P. Chan and Cramer, {J. G.} and Cramer, {P. B.} and I. Derado and B. Eberlein and V. Eckardt and J. Eschke and C. Favuzzi and D. Ferenc and B. Fleischmann and P. Foka and P. Freund and M. Fuchs and M. Gaździcki and E. Gładysz and J. Grebieszkow and J. G{\"u}nther and Harris, {J. W.} and M. Hoffmann and P. Jacobs and S. Kabana and K. Kadija and R. Keidel and M. Kowalski and A. K{\"u}hmichel and F. Lave and Lee, {J. Y.} and A. Ljubičić and S. Margetis and Mitchell, {J. T.} and R. Morse and E. Nappi and G. Odyniec and G. Paić and Panagiotou, {A. D.} and A. Petridis and A. Piper and F. Posa and Poskanzer, {A. M.} and F. P{\"u}hlhofer and W. Rauch and R. Renfordt and W. Retyk and D. R{\"o}hrich and G. Roland and H. Rothard and K. Runge and A. Sandoval and N. Schmitz and E. Schmoetten and R. Sendelbach and P. Seyboth and J. Seyerlein and E. Skrzypczak and P. Spinelli and R. Stock and H. Str{\"o}bele and L. Teitelbaum and S. Tonse and Trainor, {T. A.} and G. Vasileiadis and M. Vassiliou and G. Vesztergombi and D. Vranic and S. Wenig and B. Wosiek and X. Zhu",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "643--659",
journal = "European Physical Journal C",
issn = "1434-6044",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Charged particle production in proton-, deuteron-, oxygen- and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon

AU - Alber, T.

AU - Appelshäuser, H.

AU - Bächler, J.

AU - Bartke, J.

AU - Białkowska, H.

AU - Bloomer, M. A.

AU - Bock, R.

AU - Braithwaite, W. J.

AU - Brinkmann, D.

AU - Brockmann, R.

AU - Bunčić, P.

AU - Chan, P.

AU - Cramer, J. G.

AU - Cramer, P. B.

AU - Derado, I.

AU - Eberlein, B.

AU - Eckardt, V.

AU - Eschke, J.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Ferenc, D.

AU - Fleischmann, B.

AU - Foka, P.

AU - Freund, P.

AU - Fuchs, M.

AU - Gaździcki, M.

AU - Gładysz, E.

AU - Grebieszkow, J.

AU - Günther, J.

AU - Harris, J. W.

AU - Hoffmann, M.

AU - Jacobs, P.

AU - Kabana, S.

AU - Kadija, K.

AU - Keidel, R.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Kühmichel, A.

AU - Lave, F.

AU - Lee, J. Y.

AU - Ljubičić, A.

AU - Margetis, S.

AU - Mitchell, J. T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Nappi, E.

AU - Odyniec, G.

AU - Paić, G.

AU - Panagiotou, A. D.

AU - Petridis, A.

AU - Piper, A.

AU - Posa, F.

AU - Poskanzer, A. M.

AU - Pühlhofer, F.

AU - Rauch, W.

AU - Renfordt, R.

AU - Retyk, W.

AU - Röhrich, D.

AU - Roland, G.

AU - Rothard, H.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Sandoval, A.

AU - Schmitz, N.

AU - Schmoetten, E.

AU - Sendelbach, R.

AU - Seyboth, P.

AU - Seyerlein, J.

AU - Skrzypczak, E.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Stock, R.

AU - Ströbele, H.

AU - Teitelbaum, L.

AU - Tonse, S.

AU - Trainor, T. A.

AU - Vasileiadis, G.

AU - Vassiliou, M.

AU - Vesztergombi, G.

AU - Vranic, D.

AU - Wenig, S.

AU - Wosiek, B.

AU - Zhu, X.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - The transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of net protons and negatively charged hadrons have been measured for minimum bias proton-nucleus and deuteron-gold interactions, as well as central oxygen-gold and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. The rapidity density of net protons at midrapidity in central nucleus-nucleus collisions increases both with target mass for sulphur projectiles and with the projectile mass for a gold target. The shape of the rapidity distributions of net protons forward of midrapidity for d+Au and central S+Au collisions is similar. The average rapidity loss is larger than 2 units of rapidity for reactions with the gold target. The transverse momentum spectra of net protons for all reactions can be described by a thermal distribution with 'temperatures' between 145±11 MeV (p+S interactions) and 244±43 MeV (central S+Au collisions). The multiplicity of negatively charged hadrons increases with the mass of the colliding system. The shape of the transverse momentum spectra of negatively charged hadrons changes from minimum bias p+p and p+S interactions to p+Au and central nucleus-nucleus collisions. The mean transverse momentum is almost constant in the vicinity of midrapidity and shows little variation with the target and projectile masses. The average number of produced negatively charged hadrons per participant baryon increases slightly from p+p, p+A to central S+S,Ag collisions.

AB - The transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of net protons and negatively charged hadrons have been measured for minimum bias proton-nucleus and deuteron-gold interactions, as well as central oxygen-gold and sulphur-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon. The rapidity density of net protons at midrapidity in central nucleus-nucleus collisions increases both with target mass for sulphur projectiles and with the projectile mass for a gold target. The shape of the rapidity distributions of net protons forward of midrapidity for d+Au and central S+Au collisions is similar. The average rapidity loss is larger than 2 units of rapidity for reactions with the gold target. The transverse momentum spectra of net protons for all reactions can be described by a thermal distribution with 'temperatures' between 145±11 MeV (p+S interactions) and 244±43 MeV (central S+Au collisions). The multiplicity of negatively charged hadrons increases with the mass of the colliding system. The shape of the transverse momentum spectra of negatively charged hadrons changes from minimum bias p+p and p+S interactions to p+Au and central nucleus-nucleus collisions. The mean transverse momentum is almost constant in the vicinity of midrapidity and shows little variation with the target and projectile masses. The average number of produced negatively charged hadrons per participant baryon increases slightly from p+p, p+A to central S+S,Ag collisions.

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