Charge states and optical transitions of vanadium in Bi4Ge3O12 identified by MCD and ODMR

B. Briat, A. Watterich, F. Ramaz, L. Kovács, B. C. Forget, N. Romanov

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The spectroscopic properties of V-doped Bi4Ge3O12 have been investigated in detail via several complementary techniques bringing a series of consistent results. The optical absorption spectrum of annealed samples is strongly modified under UV-illumination and the initial state can be restored optically with visible light. Optical absorption and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) demonstrate that a diamagnetic defect is partly destroyed during UV-illumination while a paramagnetic one is created. The latter shows a very characteristic S-shaped MCD pattern in the near-IR, which is readily assigned to the 2E → 2T2 internal transition of tetragonal V4+ centers at the Ge sites. This assignment was further confirmed by optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR), via the change of the MCD under microwaves at 35 GHz. The g tensor of V4+ was found to be anisotropic with principal values g = 1.81±0.03 and g = 1.94±0.02. Two additional MCD bands in the visible spectral region could be attributed to V4+ via ODMR measurements. Ionization thresholds for holes (V5+) and electrons (V4+) were determined by optical absorption experiments and the V4+/5+ donor level was positioned 1.9 eV below the conduction band. The presence of the V4+/3+ acceptor state in the forbidden band is also suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-262
Number of pages10
JournalOptical Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002



  • Bismuth germanate
  • EPR
  • Eulytite
  • Magnetic circular dichroism
  • Photochromic
  • Photorefractive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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