Charge displacements during the photocycle of halorhodopsin

András Dér, Sándor Száraz, Lajos Keszthelyi

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Halorhodopsin (hR)-containing, tween-washed membrane fragments were oriented by an electric field and immobilized in a polyacrylamide gel. Using this preparation, the photoelectric response of hR under various conditions was measured with a time resolution of 0.5 μs. At NACl or Na2SO4 concentrations below 25 mM a strong reduction of the signal was observed accompanied by bleaching of the sample. At 50 mM Cl-, four exponential components were distinguished with lifetimes of 0.5μs, 2 μs, 0.6 ms and 4 ms. The faster three components did not show a [Cl-] dependence. However, the slowest component only appeared in the presence of Cl-. We tentatively assign the fastest, non-resolved part of the signal (0.5 μs) to the primary charge separation in hR, and the two subsequent components (2 μs, 0.6 ms) to the relaxation of the dipole created in the first process. The additional component (4 ms), which only appears in the presence of Cl-, probably reflects the transport of Cl- ions. For comparison, an optical investigation was performed on the same membranes as used for the electric measurements. An approximate correlation between electric and optical signals was established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-306
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, B: Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 1992


  • Halorhodopsin
  • chloride transport.
  • photocurrent
  • photocycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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