Characterization of the Rhodococcus sp. MK1 strain and its pilot application for bioremediation of diesel oil-contaminated soil

Ágnes Erdeiné Kis, Krisztián Laczi, Szilvia Zsíros, Péter Kós, Roland Tengölics, Naila Bounedjoum, Tamás Kovács, Gábor Rákhely, Katalin Perei

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Petroleum hydrocarbons and derivatives are widespread contaminants in both aquifers and soil, their elimination is in the primary focus of environmental studies. Microorganisms are key components in biological removal of pollutants. Strains capable to utilize hydrocarbons usually appear at the contaminated sites, but their metabolic activities are often restricted by the lack of nutrients and/or they can only utilize one or two components of a mixture. We isolated a novel Rhodococcus sp. MK1 strain capable to degrade the components of diesel oil simultaneously. The draft genome of the strain was determined and besides the chromosome, the presence of one plasmid could be revealed. Numerous routes for oxidation of aliphatic and aromatic compounds were identified. The strain was tested in ex situ applications aiming to compare alternative solutions for microbial degradation of hydrocarbons. The results of bioaugmentation and biostimulation experiments clearly demonstrated that - in certain cases - the indigenous microbial community could be exploited for bioremediation of oil-contaminated soils. Biostimulation seems to be efficient for removal of aged contaminations at lower concentration range, whereas bioaugmentation is necessary for the treatment of freshly and highly polluted sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-482
Number of pages20
JournalActa microbiologica et immunologica Hungarica
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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Keywords

  • Bioaugmentation
  • Biodegradation
  • Biostimulation
  • Hydrocarbon bioconversion
  • Oil decontamination
  • Rhodococcus
  • Utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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