Characterization of the molecular mechanism of defective interfering RNA-mediated symptom attenuation in tombusvirus-infected plants

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Abstract

Different tombusviruses were able to support the replication of either homologous or heterologous defective interfering (DI) RNAs, and those infected plants usually developed typical attenuated symptoms. However, in some helper virus-DI RNA combinations the inoculated plants were necrotized, although they contained a high level of DI RNA, suggesting that the accumulation of DI RNA and the resulting suppression of genomic RNA replication were not directly responsible for the symptom attenuation. Moreover, the 19-kDa protein product of ORF 5, which is known to play a crucial role in necrotic symptom development, accumulated at the same level in the infected plants in the presence of protective homologous DI RNA and in the presence of nonprotective heterologous DI RNA. It was also demonstrated, by chimeric helper viruses, that the ability of heterologous DI RNA to protect the virus-infected plants against systemic necrosis is determined by the 5'-proximal region of the helper virus genome. The results presented suggest that DI RNA-mediated protection did not operate via the specific inhibition of 19-kDa protein expression but, more likely, DI RNAs in protective DI-helper virus combinations specifically interacted with viral products, preventing the induction of necrotic symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6251-6256
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume72
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998

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Tombusvirus
signs and symptoms (plants)
RNA
Helper Viruses
viruses
Defective Viruses
Plant Viruses
protein products
plant viruses
open reading frames
Open Reading Frames
necrosis
protein synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of the molecular mechanism of defective interfering RNA-mediated symptom attenuation in tombusvirus-infected plants",
abstract = "Different tombusviruses were able to support the replication of either homologous or heterologous defective interfering (DI) RNAs, and those infected plants usually developed typical attenuated symptoms. However, in some helper virus-DI RNA combinations the inoculated plants were necrotized, although they contained a high level of DI RNA, suggesting that the accumulation of DI RNA and the resulting suppression of genomic RNA replication were not directly responsible for the symptom attenuation. Moreover, the 19-kDa protein product of ORF 5, which is known to play a crucial role in necrotic symptom development, accumulated at the same level in the infected plants in the presence of protective homologous DI RNA and in the presence of nonprotective heterologous DI RNA. It was also demonstrated, by chimeric helper viruses, that the ability of heterologous DI RNA to protect the virus-infected plants against systemic necrosis is determined by the 5'-proximal region of the helper virus genome. The results presented suggest that DI RNA-mediated protection did not operate via the specific inhibition of 19-kDa protein expression but, more likely, DI RNAs in protective DI-helper virus combinations specifically interacted with viral products, preventing the induction of necrotic symptoms.",
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AU - Havelda, Z.

AU - Szittya, G.

AU - Burgyán, J.

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N2 - Different tombusviruses were able to support the replication of either homologous or heterologous defective interfering (DI) RNAs, and those infected plants usually developed typical attenuated symptoms. However, in some helper virus-DI RNA combinations the inoculated plants were necrotized, although they contained a high level of DI RNA, suggesting that the accumulation of DI RNA and the resulting suppression of genomic RNA replication were not directly responsible for the symptom attenuation. Moreover, the 19-kDa protein product of ORF 5, which is known to play a crucial role in necrotic symptom development, accumulated at the same level in the infected plants in the presence of protective homologous DI RNA and in the presence of nonprotective heterologous DI RNA. It was also demonstrated, by chimeric helper viruses, that the ability of heterologous DI RNA to protect the virus-infected plants against systemic necrosis is determined by the 5'-proximal region of the helper virus genome. The results presented suggest that DI RNA-mediated protection did not operate via the specific inhibition of 19-kDa protein expression but, more likely, DI RNAs in protective DI-helper virus combinations specifically interacted with viral products, preventing the induction of necrotic symptoms.

AB - Different tombusviruses were able to support the replication of either homologous or heterologous defective interfering (DI) RNAs, and those infected plants usually developed typical attenuated symptoms. However, in some helper virus-DI RNA combinations the inoculated plants were necrotized, although they contained a high level of DI RNA, suggesting that the accumulation of DI RNA and the resulting suppression of genomic RNA replication were not directly responsible for the symptom attenuation. Moreover, the 19-kDa protein product of ORF 5, which is known to play a crucial role in necrotic symptom development, accumulated at the same level in the infected plants in the presence of protective homologous DI RNA and in the presence of nonprotective heterologous DI RNA. It was also demonstrated, by chimeric helper viruses, that the ability of heterologous DI RNA to protect the virus-infected plants against systemic necrosis is determined by the 5'-proximal region of the helper virus genome. The results presented suggest that DI RNA-mediated protection did not operate via the specific inhibition of 19-kDa protein expression but, more likely, DI RNAs in protective DI-helper virus combinations specifically interacted with viral products, preventing the induction of necrotic symptoms.

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