Femtosecond (fs) laser pulse ablation (pulse duration of 150 fs, wavelength of 775 nm, repetition rate of 1 kHz) of single-crystalline TeO2 surfaces was performed in air using the direct focusing technique. The lateral and vertical dimensions of laser ablated craters as well as the laser damage thresholds were evaluated for different pulse numbers applied to the same spot. The joint observation using optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed the surface morphology of the ablated craters and also showed that the ablation threshold depends significantly on the number of laser pulses applied to the same spot due to incubation effects. The incubation effects change the absorption processes involved in fs-laser ablation of the transparent material from multiphoton absorption to a single-photon absorption. These results are discussed on the basis of recent models of the interaction of fs-laser pulses with dielectrics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films