Characterization of different apricot cultivars grown in Hungary with SSR markers

A. Pedryc, Sz Ruthner, Gy D. Bisztray, M. Laimer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The apricot breeding of Hungary has a long tradition, because its roots go back as early as the 15th century. The various cultivars mainly originated from Mid Asia have given a very good basic material for the domestic apricot cultivation. Our major goal is to set a molecular fingerprint based on molecular markers that will be able to identify certain varieties from an unknown plant material. More than 150 cultivars were selected from different germplasm collection located in Central Europe and finally 96 of them were chosen. The first markers of choice were the isozymes. The corresponding literature showed that these type of markers have been used to assess genetic variability in apricots. However isozyme analysis doesn't detect enough polymorphism to discriminate Hungarian cultivars and reveal relationships among them. The availability of DNA-based markers provides a new possibility for evaluating differences among plant genomes. Simple sequence repeats (SSR and microsatellites) have become the tool for identification in many plant species, because they are PCR-based, highly reproducible, polymorphic and codominant in plant genomes. In this study, we used peach and apricot primer pairs from four different sources for cross species amplification in apricot in order to examine microsatellite polymorphism among cultivars and investigate relationships among them.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fifth nternational Symposium on In Vitro Culture and Horticultural Breeding
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages691-698
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)906605719X, 9789066057197
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume725 II
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

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Keywords

  • Apricot
  • Microsatellites
  • Prunus
  • SSR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Pedryc, A., Ruthner, S., Bisztray, G. D., & Laimer, M. (2006). Characterization of different apricot cultivars grown in Hungary with SSR markers. In Proceedings of the Fifth nternational Symposium on In Vitro Culture and Horticultural Breeding (pp. 691-698). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 725 II). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2006.725.96