Characteristics of thrombin generation in a fulminant porcine sepsis model

J. Tóth, Ildikó Beke Debreceni, Ádám Deák, Katalin Pető, Mariann Berhés, Endre Hajdú, J. Szabó, N. Németh, B. Fülesdi, J. Kappelmayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction The activation of blood coagulation has been demonstrated in most cases of sepsis, however previous studies in humans could not detect hypercoagulability with global hemostasis assays. In a fulminant porcine sepsis model we analysed coagulation screening tests and thrombin generation to evaluate hemostatic alterations. Materials and methods Live Escherichia coli bacteria were inoculated to female pigs and prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time and fibrinogen were measured by coagulometry. Platelet counts, platelet aggregates and platelet phosphatidyl serine (PS) expression were studied, furthermore in in vitro experiments the PS-inducing ability of septic and control plasmas was investigated by flow cytometry. Thrombin generation was carried out by the Ascent Fluoroscan reader and results were evaluated by the Thrombinoscope software. Results Clotting assays showed a large variability, but no systematic changes during the 4-hour observation period. Platelet count significantly decreased and the number of platelet aggregates increased already by 2 h compared to baseline values and to control animals. Although the increase in platelet PS expression was non-significant in the septic group, the septic plasma elicited PS expression on normal human red blood cells. Thrombin generation became significantly faster, but the quantity of formed thrombin demonstrated both hypo- and hypercoagulability depending on the setting of the assay. Conclusions Enhanced thrombin generation without activators and the PS-inducing capacity of septic plasma are signs of hemostatic activation during fulminant sepsis while the decreased amount of generated thrombin upon tissue factor and phospholipid induced activation demonstrates attenuated thrombin forming ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Platelet activation
  • Sepsis
  • Thrombin generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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