CHAPTER 3: Chemical Synthesis of Carotenoid Esters

Veronika Nagy, József Deli, Attila Agócs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Carotenoids can be found in nature mostly as long-chain fatty acid esters; thus, chemical synthesis of these esters may be necessary for the carotenoid analysis of plant samples. From the synthetic point of view, the saponified carotenoids are typically used, and their functional groups are modified. Another field of ester synthesis is the attachment of hydrophilic moieties to hydroxy-carotenoids (i.e. xanthophylls containing hydroxyl functional groups) to improve their bioavailability, as well as their antioxidant and pharmacological properties. Esterification is considered to be a mild method in support of the conjugation of carotenoids with other bioactive compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSteviol Glycosides
Subtitle of host publicationCultivation, Processing, Analysis and Applications in Food
EditorsAdriana Z. Mercadante
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9781782628309, 9781788011242, 9781788011488, 9781788011617, 9781788012157, 9781788012423, 9781788013963
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameFood Chemistry, Function and Analysis
ISSN (Print)2398-0656
ISSN (Electronic)2398-0664

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science

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  • Cite this

    Nagy, V., Deli, J., & Agócs, A. (2019). CHAPTER 3: Chemical Synthesis of Carotenoid Esters. In A. Z. Mercadante (Ed.), Steviol Glycosides: Cultivation, Processing, Analysis and Applications in Food (13 ed., pp. 68-107). (Food Chemistry, Function and Analysis; Vol. 2019-January, No. 13). Royal Society of Chemistry.