A Helicobacter pylori-fertozés epidemiológiája Ferencvárosban. Retrospektív endoszkópos tanulmány, 1997-2012

Translated title of the contribution: Changing prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the 9th district of Budapest: A retrospective endoscopic study, 1997-2012

György Miklós Buzás, Gábor Lotz, Ferenc Schneider, Jolán Józan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in developed countries is decreasing. The time-frame of this process is largely unknown. Aim: The aim of the authors was to evaluate the changes in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in their endoscopic centre. Methods: This retrospective study included 4647 patients examined between 1997 and 2012. Helicobacter pylori was determined from antral and corpus biopsies by the modified Giemsa stain and rapid urease test. The prevalence of the infection was calculated yearly for the period studied, for age decades from 18 to 85 years, birth cohorts of 10 years from 1920 to 1994 and according to diagnosis. Results: The overall prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection was 54.7%, which decreased from 71.3% in 1997 to 32.76% in 2011. Functional dyspepsia was found in 37.9%, duodenal ulcer in 25.3%, gastric ulcer in 3.8% and reflux disease in 24.2% of the patients. The mean prevalence of infection was 62.5% in birth cohorts of 10 years between 1920 and 1959, 57.4% in those between 1960 and 1969, and decreased to 39.0% and 26.7% in birth cohorts between 1970 and 1979) and between 1980 and 1989, respectively. According to age cohorts, the prevalence was 21.8% 34.9%, 46.5%, 63.7%, 63.2% and 59.2% in patients aged 18-19 years, 20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years, 50-59 years and 60-69 years, respectively. The proportion of H. pylori positive duodenal ulcers decreased from 95.9% in 1998 to 59.1% in 2011 (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the 9th district of Budapest is decreasing, especially in cohorts born in the late 1960s and 1970s, nearly 1.5 decades before the discovery of the bacterium.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)900-907
Number of pages8
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume154
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2013

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Helicobacter Infections
Helicobacter pylori
Retrospective Studies
Parturition
Duodenal Ulcer
Azure Stains
Urease
Dyspepsia
Stomach Ulcer
Infection
Developed Countries
Bacteria
Biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A Helicobacter pylori-fertozés epidemiológiája Ferencvárosban. Retrospektív endoszkópos tanulmány, 1997-2012. / Buzás, György Miklós; Lotz, Gábor; Schneider, Ferenc; Józan, Jolán.

In: Orvosi Hetilap, Vol. 154, No. 23, 01.06.2013, p. 900-907.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buzás, György Miklós ; Lotz, Gábor ; Schneider, Ferenc ; Józan, Jolán. / A Helicobacter pylori-fertozés epidemiológiája Ferencvárosban. Retrospektív endoszkópos tanulmány, 1997-2012. In: Orvosi Hetilap. 2013 ; Vol. 154, No. 23. pp. 900-907.
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abstract = "Background: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in developed countries is decreasing. The time-frame of this process is largely unknown. Aim: The aim of the authors was to evaluate the changes in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in their endoscopic centre. Methods: This retrospective study included 4647 patients examined between 1997 and 2012. Helicobacter pylori was determined from antral and corpus biopsies by the modified Giemsa stain and rapid urease test. The prevalence of the infection was calculated yearly for the period studied, for age decades from 18 to 85 years, birth cohorts of 10 years from 1920 to 1994 and according to diagnosis. Results: The overall prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection was 54.7{\%}, which decreased from 71.3{\%} in 1997 to 32.76{\%} in 2011. Functional dyspepsia was found in 37.9{\%}, duodenal ulcer in 25.3{\%}, gastric ulcer in 3.8{\%} and reflux disease in 24.2{\%} of the patients. The mean prevalence of infection was 62.5{\%} in birth cohorts of 10 years between 1920 and 1959, 57.4{\%} in those between 1960 and 1969, and decreased to 39.0{\%} and 26.7{\%} in birth cohorts between 1970 and 1979) and between 1980 and 1989, respectively. According to age cohorts, the prevalence was 21.8{\%} 34.9{\%}, 46.5{\%}, 63.7{\%}, 63.2{\%} and 59.2{\%} in patients aged 18-19 years, 20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years, 50-59 years and 60-69 years, respectively. The proportion of H. pylori positive duodenal ulcers decreased from 95.9{\%} in 1998 to 59.1{\%} in 2011 (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in the 9th district of Budapest is decreasing, especially in cohorts born in the late 1960s and 1970s, nearly 1.5 decades before the discovery of the bacterium.",
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