Changes of potentially anti-nutritive components in Hungarian potatoes from organic and conventional farming

R. Tömösközi-Farkas, Zs Polgár, M. Nagy-Gasztonyi, V. Horváth, T. Renkecz, K. Simon, F. Boross, Z. Fabulya, H. Daood

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Abstract

Anti-nutritive components in multi resistant potato cultivars were investigated in relation to conventional and organic farming for three years. Glycoalkaloids, nitrate, nitrite, asparagine, and glutamine contents of tubers were examined. Farming technology was found not to have an effect on the level of glycoalkaloids, which was influenced mostly by the genotype and season. Nitrogen fertilisation caused significant increase in nitrate, asparagine, and glutamine contents as compared to organic farming. Nitrite content was found to be more independent of farming technologies than nitrate. Tubers of cultivar Rioja had the lowest nitrate content irrespective of season or technology. In conclusion, the absolute amount and changes of different anti-nutritive components of potato tubers were influenced differently by the technology, genotype, and season in a complex manner. Organic farming had no effect on the glycoalkaloid content, but the nitrate levels had a tendency to be lower compared to conventional farming. This can be seen as a positive effect of organic farming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-683
Number of pages8
JournalActa Alimentaria
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Asparagine
  • Glutamine
  • Glycoalkaloids
  • Nitrate
  • Organic farming
  • Potato

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Tömösközi-Farkas, R., Polgár, Z., Nagy-Gasztonyi, M., Horváth, V., Renkecz, T., Simon, K., Boross, F., Fabulya, Z., & Daood, H. (2014). Changes of potentially anti-nutritive components in Hungarian potatoes from organic and conventional farming. Acta Alimentaria, 43(4), 676-683. https://doi.org/10.1556/AAlim.43.2014.4.18