Changes of endothelin-1 and big endothelin-1 levels and action potential duration during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in dogs with and without ventricular fibrillation

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Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion is associated with increased production of endothelin-1 (ET-1). Moreover, exogenous ET-1 has arrhythmogenic properties. Our aim was to investigate the correlation between endogenous ET-1, big ET-1 levels and epicardial monophasic action potential duration during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in anesthetized dogs. Thirty-minute myocardial ischemia was followed by a 90-minute reperfusion period in 18 mongrel dogs. The total incidence of ventricular fibrillation (VF) during ischemia and reperfusion was 11.1% and 33.3%, respectively. During ischemia, the monophasic action potential duration at 90% repolarization (MAPD90) decreased significantly (control versus ischemia, 30 minutes, 224.7 ± 7.1 ms versus 173.8 ± 7.6 ms; P < 0.05), while during reperfusion a significant prolongation of MAPD90 was observed (ischemia, 30 minutes versus reperfusion, 30 minutes, 173.8 ± 7.6 ms versus 249.7 ± 9.9 ms, P < 0.05). During reperfusion ET-1 and big ET-1 levels increased significantly in the coronary sinus and femoral artery (control versus reperfusion, 90 minutes: coronary sinus ET-1, 15.1 ± 1.4 fmol/mL versus 22.3 ± 1.1 fmol/mL; big ET-1, 14.7 ± 1.9 fmol/mL versus 27.4 ± 2.3 fmol/mL; P < 0.05). The ET-1 concentration increased to a higher level during ischemia in dogs with VF compared with dogs surviving ischemia-reperfusion (non-VF versus VF: control, 15.1 ± 1.3 versus 15.2 ± 1.3; ischemia, 30 minutes, 17.6 ± 1.2 fmol/mL versus 22 ± 1.6 fmol/mL; P < 0.05), demonstrating a trend of correlation between endothelin levels and development of VF (P = 0.07). ET-1 and big ET-1 levels increased during reperfusion and in the VF group during ischemia; however, there was no correlation between endothelin levels and MAPD90.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S376-S379
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2004



  • Endothelin
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Monophasic action potential duration
  • Ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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