Egyes technológiai tulajdonságok és a szem endospermium-szerkezetének változása eltéro generációkban a búzánál (Triticum aestivum L.)

Translated title of the contribution: Changes in technological parameters and grain endosperm structure in various generations of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

M. Rakszegi, L. Láng, Angéla Juhász, Z. Bedő

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The technological parameters of lines belonging to different grain hardness groups were studied in various generations. Studies on the wet gluten content, Zeleny index and farinograph water absorption indicated that the grain yields of F3 lines differed from each other in all the grain hardness groups, and as the hardness increased there was generally an improvement in the technological parameters. Compared with the results achieved for the F 3 lines, there was a reduction in the deviation between the quality parameters of lines in the F5 generation, which can be primarily attributed to selection. For this reason the minimum values were also higher in general than in the F3. At the same time, it proved possible to select with greater frequency for lines with high Zeleny indexes and farinograph water absorption, in which hard grains were combined with good technological quality. It can thus be said that indirect selection for technological parameters on the basis of grain hardness may be successful especially in the case of farinograph water absorption and Zeleny index, but the moderately strong correlations suggest that wheat genotypes with excellent technological properties could also be selected from grain hardness groups 50 and 60.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)627-637
Number of pages11
JournalNovenytermeles
Volume51
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

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technological change
endosperm
hardness
Triticum aestivum
wheat
gluten
grain yield
genotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "Egyes technol{\'o}giai tulajdons{\'a}gok {\'e}s a szem endospermium-szerkezet{\'e}nek v{\'a}ltoz{\'a}sa elt{\'e}ro gener{\'a}ci{\'o}kban a b{\'u}z{\'a}n{\'a}l (Triticum aestivum L.)",
abstract = "The technological parameters of lines belonging to different grain hardness groups were studied in various generations. Studies on the wet gluten content, Zeleny index and farinograph water absorption indicated that the grain yields of F3 lines differed from each other in all the grain hardness groups, and as the hardness increased there was generally an improvement in the technological parameters. Compared with the results achieved for the F 3 lines, there was a reduction in the deviation between the quality parameters of lines in the F5 generation, which can be primarily attributed to selection. For this reason the minimum values were also higher in general than in the F3. At the same time, it proved possible to select with greater frequency for lines with high Zeleny indexes and farinograph water absorption, in which hard grains were combined with good technological quality. It can thus be said that indirect selection for technological parameters on the basis of grain hardness may be successful especially in the case of farinograph water absorption and Zeleny index, but the moderately strong correlations suggest that wheat genotypes with excellent technological properties could also be selected from grain hardness groups 50 and 60.",
keywords = "Breeding, Grain hardness, Quality, Wheat",
author = "M. Rakszegi and L. L{\'a}ng and Ang{\'e}la Juh{\'a}sz and Z. Bedő",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
language = "Hungarian",
volume = "51",
pages = "627--637",
journal = "Novenytermeles",
issn = "0546-8191",
publisher = "Agroinform",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Egyes technológiai tulajdonságok és a szem endospermium-szerkezetének változása eltéro generációkban a búzánál (Triticum aestivum L.)

AU - Rakszegi, M.

AU - Láng, L.

AU - Juhász, Angéla

AU - Bedő, Z.

PY - 2002/12

Y1 - 2002/12

N2 - The technological parameters of lines belonging to different grain hardness groups were studied in various generations. Studies on the wet gluten content, Zeleny index and farinograph water absorption indicated that the grain yields of F3 lines differed from each other in all the grain hardness groups, and as the hardness increased there was generally an improvement in the technological parameters. Compared with the results achieved for the F 3 lines, there was a reduction in the deviation between the quality parameters of lines in the F5 generation, which can be primarily attributed to selection. For this reason the minimum values were also higher in general than in the F3. At the same time, it proved possible to select with greater frequency for lines with high Zeleny indexes and farinograph water absorption, in which hard grains were combined with good technological quality. It can thus be said that indirect selection for technological parameters on the basis of grain hardness may be successful especially in the case of farinograph water absorption and Zeleny index, but the moderately strong correlations suggest that wheat genotypes with excellent technological properties could also be selected from grain hardness groups 50 and 60.

AB - The technological parameters of lines belonging to different grain hardness groups were studied in various generations. Studies on the wet gluten content, Zeleny index and farinograph water absorption indicated that the grain yields of F3 lines differed from each other in all the grain hardness groups, and as the hardness increased there was generally an improvement in the technological parameters. Compared with the results achieved for the F 3 lines, there was a reduction in the deviation between the quality parameters of lines in the F5 generation, which can be primarily attributed to selection. For this reason the minimum values were also higher in general than in the F3. At the same time, it proved possible to select with greater frequency for lines with high Zeleny indexes and farinograph water absorption, in which hard grains were combined with good technological quality. It can thus be said that indirect selection for technological parameters on the basis of grain hardness may be successful especially in the case of farinograph water absorption and Zeleny index, but the moderately strong correlations suggest that wheat genotypes with excellent technological properties could also be selected from grain hardness groups 50 and 60.

KW - Breeding

KW - Grain hardness

KW - Quality

KW - Wheat

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