Background: Afamin is a plasma vitamin E-binding glycoprotein partially associated with ApoA1-containing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions. In a previous study, the serum vitamin E decreased after low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis, while vitamin E/cholesterol ratio increased. We aimed to study the effect of LDL apheresis on serum afamin level. Methods: The serum level of afamin and oxidized LDL were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in six severe heterozygous FH patients before and after their first LDL apheresis treatments and in seven healthy controls. We also investigated the changes in total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, ApoB, ApoA1, HDL subfractions, and α- and γ-tocopherol levels during the treatment. HDL subfractions were detected by an electrophoretic method on polyacrylamide gel (Lipoprint). Serum α- and γ-tocopherol levels were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Results: The first treatment sessions decreased serum afamin levels by an average of 9.4%. Total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C and ApoA1 levels decreased by 52.6; 61.8; 10.5; and 14.1%, respectively. We found that α- and γ-tocopherol levels markedly decreased (by 34.1 and 32.9%, respectively), while α- tocopherol/cholesterol and γ-tocopherol/cholesterol ratios significantly increased (by 41.4 and 40.3%, respectively). Oxidized LDL levels significantly decreased. There was a shift toward the larger HDL subfractions. Conclusion: LDL apheresis moderately decreases the circulating levels of afamin parallel to lowering HDL-C and ApoA1 levels. Tocopherol levels decreases markedly compared to afamin levels, however, beneficial changes in vitamin E/cholesterol ratios, oxidized LDL levels and HDL subfraction distribution were detected. These additional effects of LDL apheresis may result in further cardiovascular risk reduction in FH patients.
- Familial Hypercholesterolemia
- LDL apheresis
- vitamin E
ASJC Scopus subject areas