Changes and Effect of PACAP-38 on Intestinal Ischemia-Reperfusion and Autotransplantation

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Abstract

Tissue injury caused by cold preservation and reperfusion during small bowel transplantation remains an unsolved problem. Increasing evidence suggests that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) has protective effects in several ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) models. This study investigated the effect of PACAP-38 on oxidative stress in autotransplanted intestine. We established sham-operated, I/R, and autotransplanted groups in Wistar rats (n = 55). We applied ischemia for 1 (GI), 2 (GII), or 3 hours (GIII). In autotransplanted groups, we performed total orthotopic intestinal autotransplantation. Grafts were preserved in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution for 1 (GIV), 2 (GV), 3 (GVI), or 6 (GVII) hours and in PACAP-38-containing UW for 1 (GVIII), 2 (GIX), 3 (GX), or 6 (GXI) hours. Reperfusion lasted 3 hours in each group. Endogenous PACAP-38 values were measured by radioimmunoassay. Oxidative stress parameters malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were measured in tissue homogenates. Concentration of endogenous PACAP-38 significantly decreased in GI to GIII compared with the sham-operated animals following I/R periods (P < .05). Cold preservation in UW and reperfusion of the intestine increased the level of tissue MDA in GIV to GVII, which correlated with the duration of cold storage. The content of GSH decreased in GIV to GVII to levels that were significantly different between GIV and GVIII and between GVII and GXI. SOD activity decreased dramatically in GIV to GVII with significantly higher activity in GIX to GXI. Our findings confirmed that I/R decreased endogenous PACAP-38 concentration. Administration of PACAP-38 to UW solution mitigated the oxidative injury during intestinal autotransplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-59
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation proceedings
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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