Challenges in quantifying biosphere-atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species

M. A. Sutton, E. Nemitz, J. W. Erisman, C. Beier, K. Butterbach Bahl, P. Cellier, W. de Vries, F. Cotrufo, U. Skiba, C. Di Marco, S. Jones, P. Laville, J. F. Soussana, B. Loubet, M. Twigg, D. Famulari, J. Whitehead, M. W. Gallagher, A. Neftel, C. R. FlechardB. Herrmann, P. L. Calanca, J. K. Schjoerring, U. Daemmgen, L. Horváth, Y. S. Tang, B. A. Emmett, A. Tietema, J. Peñuelas, M. Kesik, N. Brueggemann, K. Pilegaard, T. Vesala, C. L. Campbell, J. E. Olesen, U. Dragosits, M. R. Theobald, P. Levy, D. C. Mobbs, R. Milne, N. Viovy, N. Vuichard, J. U. Smith, P. Smith, P. Bergamaschi, D. Fowler, S. Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent research in nitrogen exchange with the atmosphere has separated research communities according to N form. The integrated perspective needed to quantify the net effect of N on greenhouse-gas balance is being addressed by the NitroEurope Integrated Project (NEU). Recent advances have depended on improved methodologies, while ongoing challenges include gas-aerosol interactions, organic nitrogen and N2 fluxes. The NEU strategy applies a 3-tier Flux Network together with a Manipulation Network of global-change experiments, linked by common protocols to facilitate model application. Substantial progress has been made in modelling N fluxes, especially for N2O, NO and bi-directional NH3 exchange. Landscape analysis represents an emerging challenge to address the spatial interactions between farms, fields, ecosystems, catchments and air dispersion/deposition. European up-scaling of N fluxes is highly uncertain and a key priority is for better data on agricultural practices. Finally, attention is needed to develop N flux verification procedures to assess compliance with international protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-139
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

Fingerprint

Atmosphere
biosphere
Nitrogen
Gases
Fluxes
atmosphere
nitrogen
organic nitrogen
agricultural practice
Aerosols
Research
global change
Ecosystem
compliance
greenhouse gas
Air
farm
catchment
aerosol
methodology

Keywords

  • Fluxes
  • Landscape
  • Micrometeorology
  • Modelling
  • Nitrogen
  • Regional up-scaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution

Cite this

Sutton, M. A., Nemitz, E., Erisman, J. W., Beier, C., Bahl, K. B., Cellier, P., ... Reis, S. (2007). Challenges in quantifying biosphere-atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species. Environmental Pollution, 150(1), 125-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.04.014

Challenges in quantifying biosphere-atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species. / Sutton, M. A.; Nemitz, E.; Erisman, J. W.; Beier, C.; Bahl, K. Butterbach; Cellier, P.; de Vries, W.; Cotrufo, F.; Skiba, U.; Di Marco, C.; Jones, S.; Laville, P.; Soussana, J. F.; Loubet, B.; Twigg, M.; Famulari, D.; Whitehead, J.; Gallagher, M. W.; Neftel, A.; Flechard, C. R.; Herrmann, B.; Calanca, P. L.; Schjoerring, J. K.; Daemmgen, U.; Horváth, L.; Tang, Y. S.; Emmett, B. A.; Tietema, A.; Peñuelas, J.; Kesik, M.; Brueggemann, N.; Pilegaard, K.; Vesala, T.; Campbell, C. L.; Olesen, J. E.; Dragosits, U.; Theobald, M. R.; Levy, P.; Mobbs, D. C.; Milne, R.; Viovy, N.; Vuichard, N.; Smith, J. U.; Smith, P.; Bergamaschi, P.; Fowler, D.; Reis, S.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 150, No. 1, 11.2007, p. 125-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sutton, MA, Nemitz, E, Erisman, JW, Beier, C, Bahl, KB, Cellier, P, de Vries, W, Cotrufo, F, Skiba, U, Di Marco, C, Jones, S, Laville, P, Soussana, JF, Loubet, B, Twigg, M, Famulari, D, Whitehead, J, Gallagher, MW, Neftel, A, Flechard, CR, Herrmann, B, Calanca, PL, Schjoerring, JK, Daemmgen, U, Horváth, L, Tang, YS, Emmett, BA, Tietema, A, Peñuelas, J, Kesik, M, Brueggemann, N, Pilegaard, K, Vesala, T, Campbell, CL, Olesen, JE, Dragosits, U, Theobald, MR, Levy, P, Mobbs, DC, Milne, R, Viovy, N, Vuichard, N, Smith, JU, Smith, P, Bergamaschi, P, Fowler, D & Reis, S 2007, 'Challenges in quantifying biosphere-atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species', Environmental Pollution, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 125-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.04.014
Sutton MA, Nemitz E, Erisman JW, Beier C, Bahl KB, Cellier P et al. Challenges in quantifying biosphere-atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species. Environmental Pollution. 2007 Nov;150(1):125-139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.04.014
Sutton, M. A. ; Nemitz, E. ; Erisman, J. W. ; Beier, C. ; Bahl, K. Butterbach ; Cellier, P. ; de Vries, W. ; Cotrufo, F. ; Skiba, U. ; Di Marco, C. ; Jones, S. ; Laville, P. ; Soussana, J. F. ; Loubet, B. ; Twigg, M. ; Famulari, D. ; Whitehead, J. ; Gallagher, M. W. ; Neftel, A. ; Flechard, C. R. ; Herrmann, B. ; Calanca, P. L. ; Schjoerring, J. K. ; Daemmgen, U. ; Horváth, L. ; Tang, Y. S. ; Emmett, B. A. ; Tietema, A. ; Peñuelas, J. ; Kesik, M. ; Brueggemann, N. ; Pilegaard, K. ; Vesala, T. ; Campbell, C. L. ; Olesen, J. E. ; Dragosits, U. ; Theobald, M. R. ; Levy, P. ; Mobbs, D. C. ; Milne, R. ; Viovy, N. ; Vuichard, N. ; Smith, J. U. ; Smith, P. ; Bergamaschi, P. ; Fowler, D. ; Reis, S. / Challenges in quantifying biosphere-atmosphere exchange of nitrogen species. In: Environmental Pollution. 2007 ; Vol. 150, No. 1. pp. 125-139.
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abstract = "Recent research in nitrogen exchange with the atmosphere has separated research communities according to N form. The integrated perspective needed to quantify the net effect of N on greenhouse-gas balance is being addressed by the NitroEurope Integrated Project (NEU). Recent advances have depended on improved methodologies, while ongoing challenges include gas-aerosol interactions, organic nitrogen and N2 fluxes. The NEU strategy applies a 3-tier Flux Network together with a Manipulation Network of global-change experiments, linked by common protocols to facilitate model application. Substantial progress has been made in modelling N fluxes, especially for N2O, NO and bi-directional NH3 exchange. Landscape analysis represents an emerging challenge to address the spatial interactions between farms, fields, ecosystems, catchments and air dispersion/deposition. European up-scaling of N fluxes is highly uncertain and a key priority is for better data on agricultural practices. Finally, attention is needed to develop N flux verification procedures to assess compliance with international protocols.",
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AU - Cellier, P.

AU - de Vries, W.

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AU - Neftel, A.

AU - Flechard, C. R.

AU - Herrmann, B.

AU - Calanca, P. L.

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AU - Emmett, B. A.

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AU - Brueggemann, N.

AU - Pilegaard, K.

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AU - Fowler, D.

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