Cetane number and thermal properties of croton oil, biodiesel, 1-butanol, and diesel blends

F. Lujaji, A. Bereczky, C. Novák, M. Mbarawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vegetable oil derived fuels for diesel engines are becoming important as alternative to petroleum diesel fuels due to their environmental friendliness and availability. Ignition quality in compression ignition (CI) engines is influenced by thermal characteristics and fuel properties. In this study, the effects of vegetable oil transesterification and vegetable oil-1-butanol-diesel blend on fuel properties, cetane number (CN), and thermal characteristics were experimentally investigated. Methyl ester (biodiesel) and 10% vegetable oil-10% 1-butanol-80% diesel blend was prepared from croton oil (CRO). CN was measured in a CFR F-5 engine, and a thermogravimetric analysis (TG), as well as the determination of fuel properties of croton oils, biodiesel, and blend were carried out. It can be observed for vegetable oils that they possess low volatility characteristics, low CN and high viscosity different from those of biodiesels, blends, and diesel fuel. It was observed that biodiesels and blends exhibit similarities with diesel in the fuel characteristics, CN, and TG curves.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010
Pages2424-2428
Number of pages5
Volume3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventWorld Congress on Engineering 2010, WCE 2010 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 30 2010Jul 2 2010

Other

OtherWorld Congress on Engineering 2010, WCE 2010
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period6/30/107/2/10

Fingerprint

Antiknock rating
Vegetable oils
Biodiesel
Butenes
Thermodynamic properties
Diesel fuels
Ignition
Thermogravimetric analysis
Engines
Transesterification
Diesel engines
Esters
Crude oil
Oils
Availability
Viscosity

Keywords

  • 1-butanol
  • Biodiesel
  • Cetane number
  • Fuel properties vegetable oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Lujaji, F., Bereczky, A., Novák, C., & Mbarawa, M. (2010). Cetane number and thermal properties of croton oil, biodiesel, 1-butanol, and diesel blends. In WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010 (Vol. 3, pp. 2424-2428)

Cetane number and thermal properties of croton oil, biodiesel, 1-butanol, and diesel blends. / Lujaji, F.; Bereczky, A.; Novák, C.; Mbarawa, M.

WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010. Vol. 3 2010. p. 2424-2428.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Lujaji, F, Bereczky, A, Novák, C & Mbarawa, M 2010, Cetane number and thermal properties of croton oil, biodiesel, 1-butanol, and diesel blends. in WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010. vol. 3, pp. 2424-2428, World Congress on Engineering 2010, WCE 2010, London, United Kingdom, 6/30/10.
Lujaji F, Bereczky A, Novák C, Mbarawa M. Cetane number and thermal properties of croton oil, biodiesel, 1-butanol, and diesel blends. In WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010. Vol. 3. 2010. p. 2424-2428
Lujaji, F. ; Bereczky, A. ; Novák, C. ; Mbarawa, M. / Cetane number and thermal properties of croton oil, biodiesel, 1-butanol, and diesel blends. WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010. Vol. 3 2010. pp. 2424-2428
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