The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that cerebrovascular reserve capacity and cerebrovascular reactivity are impaired in patients suffering from non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We also intended to investigate factors which may influence resting cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebrovascular reserve capacity. A total of 28 patients suffering from type II diabetes mellitus and 20 healthy control subjects were studied. Based on diabetes duration patients were divided into two groups: subjects with > 10 years and those with ≤ 10 years disease duration. Middle cerebral artery mean blood flow velocities were measured at rest and after intravenous administration of 1g acetazolamide. Cerebrovascular reactivity and reserve capacity were calculated. Blood glucose, insulin, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemostatic factors (fibrinogen, alpha-2 macroglobulin and von Willebrand factor antigen) were determined. Cerebrovascular reactivity and reserve capacity values were compared between the two diabetic subgroups and controls. Correlations between laboratory parameters and cerebrovascular reserve were investigated by linear regression analysis. Resting cerebral blood flow velocity was similar in controls and in the two diabetic subgroups. Cerebrovascular reactivity was elevated for a shorter time in patients with > 10 years disease duration than in controls and short-term diabetic patients. Cerebrovascular reserve capacity was lower in the long-term diabetes group (means ± SD: 39.6 ± 20.7%) than in patients with ≤ 10 years disease duration (63.3 ± 17.4%, p < 0.02 after Bonferroni correction). Cerebrovascular reserve capacity was inversely related to the duration of the disease (R = 0.53, p < 0.003). None of the determined laboratory factors had any relation with resting cerebral blood flow and cerebrovascular reserve capacity. The vasodilatory ability of cerebral arterioles is diminished in long-standing type II diabetes mellitus. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism