Cerebral ischemia induces transient intracellular redistribution and intranuclear translocation of the raf proto-oncogene product in hippocampal pyramidal cells

Z. Oláh, S. Komoly, N. Nagashima, F. Joó, U. R. Rapp, W. B. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this report we describe changes in the intracellular redistribution of raf serine/threonine protein kinase (product of the raf proto-oncogene family) in hippocampal neurons following cerebral ischemia in Mongolian gerbils. For immunohistochemical localization studies polyclonal antisera specific for each of the A, B, and Raf-1 isotypes of raf, as well as a pan-raf antisera, were employed. Of these, only sera recognizing B-raf, as well as the general v-raf (raised against the conserved C-terminal region) were positive, indicating that B-raf is the major isotype in this neuronal region. Three different ischemie models were used (repeated 3 times for two min and single 5 or 15 min occlusions, of the common carotid arteries) to demonstrate that ischemie insult causes redistribution of raf protein kinase into the cell nucleus of hippocampal neurons. Increased amounts of raf protein in the nuclei of pyramidal cells following ischemia was confirmed by Western blot analysis of isolated nuclear fractionations. Moreover, an elevation in the level of nuclear raf protein also was detected in the contralateral (i.e. non-occluded hemisphere) neurons of CA1 and CA3 subfields 4 days after the ischemie insult indicating a possible transsynaptic increase in the amount of raf protein along with redistribution. The intranuclear translocation of the immunoreactive material started from the perinucleolar rim and with time extended throughout the nucleus. Enhanced levels and altered redistribution of the raf polypeptide in the nuclei of pyramidal cells of the CA3 subfleld appears to be reversible and returns to the normal level 12 days following the ischemic insult. In addition to triggering the above changes in the intracellular redistribution of raf, ischemie insult also caused an increase in the level of B-raf protein in reactive astrocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-410
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental brain research
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 1991

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • Cell nucleus
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Hippocampus
  • Intracellular translocation
  • Mongolian gerbil
  • Raf protein kinase
  • Raf proto-oncogene family

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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