The potential role of Sirt1 and Sirt2 subtypes of Sirtuins (class III NAD+-dependent deacetylases) in the pathogenesis of Huntington’s disease (HD) has been extensively studied yielding some controversial results. However, data regarding the involvement of Sirt3 and their variants in HD are considerably limited. The aim of this study was to assess the expression pattern of Sirt1 and three Sirt3 mRNA isoforms (Sirt3-M1/2/3) in the striatum, cortex and cerebellum in respect of the effect of gender, age and the presence of the transgene using the N171-82Q transgenic mouse model of HD. Striatal, cortical and cerebellar Sirt1-Fl and Sirt3-M1/2/3 mRNA levels were measured in 8, 12 and 16 weeks old N171-82Q transgenic mice and in their wild-type littermates. Regarding the striatum and cortex, the presence of the transgene resulted in a significant increase in Sirt3-M3 and Sirt1 mRNA levels, respectively, whereas in case of the cerebellum the transgene resulted in increased expression of all the assessed subtypes and isoforms. Aging exerted minor influence on Sirt mRNA expression levels, both in transgene carriers and in their wild-type littermates, and there was no interaction between the presence of the transgene and aging. Furthermore, there was no difference between genders. The unequivocal cerebellar Sirtuin activation with presumed compensatory role suggests that the cerebellum might be another key player in HD in addition to the most severely affected striatum. The mitochondrially acting Sirt3 may serve as an interesting novel therapeutic target in this deleterious condition.
- Huntington’s disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience