Central representation and functional connections of afferent and efferent pathways of Helix pomatia L. lip nerves.

L. Hernádi, G. Kemenes, J. Salánki

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Localization and distribution of cerebral neurones sending axons into the three pairs of Helix pomatia lip nerves were investigated by the method of retrograde axonal NiCl2 transport. Using electrophysiological technics (extracellular recordings) the dependence of lip nerve's activity on inputs of other lip nerves was studied after application of various types of stimuli to the lip of semi-intact preparations. All lip nerves have neuronal representation in each lobe of the cerebral ganglia but in different proportions. Labelled neurones were located mainly on the ventral surface of the cerebral ganglia, most of them projecting to the medial, the least to the inner lip nerve. Lip nerves differ from each other according to the proportions of neurones of various size. They share in the axons of large (55-70 microns) and medium sized (30-40 microns) neurones in the order inner greater than outer greater than medial and medial greater than outer greater than inner lip nerve, respectively. Most neurones projecting to different nerves are located in discrete groups. According to the electrophysiological results the medial lip nerve has the most prominent afferent, while the inner one has the strongest efferent activity. Both the afferent and efferent activities of the outer lip nerve proved to be the least significant compared to the other lip nerves. Contralateral cerebral connections play an important role in the sensory information processing. The sensory input of a given nerve usually activates the contralateral member of another pair of lip nerves. Mechano- and chemo-afferent pathways have almost the same properties but there are some differences in latencies and other parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-69
Number of pages21
JournalActa biologica Hungarica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1984


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

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