Cellular wave computer algorithms with spatial semantic embedding for handwritten text recognition

Kristóf Karacs, Gábor Prószéky, Tamás Roska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


The recognition of cursive handwritten texts is a complex, in some cases unsolvable, task. One problem is that in most cases it is difficult or impossible to identify each letter, even if the words are separated. In our new method, the identification of letters is not needed due to the extensive and iterative use of semantic and morphological information of a given language. We are using a spatial feature code, generated by a cellular nonlinear network (CNN) based cellular wave computer algorithm, and combine it with the linguistic properties of the given language. Most general-purpose handwriting recognition systems lack the ability to integrate linguistic background knowledge because they use it only for post-processing recognition results. The high-level a priori background knowledge is, however, crucial in human readingand similarly it can boost recognition rates dramatically in case of recognition systems. In our new system we do not treat the visual source as the only input: Geometric and linguistic information are given equal importance. On the geometric side we use word-level holistic feature detection without letter segmentation by analogic CNN algorithms designed for cellular wave computers (IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 1993; 40:163-173; Cellular Neural Networks and Visual Computing, Foundations and Applications. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, U.K., New York, 2002). The linguistic side is based on a morpho-syntactic linguistic system (Proceedings of COLING-2002, vol. II, Taipei, Taiwan, 2002; 1263-1267). A novel shape coding method is used to interface them, and their interaction is enhanced via an inverse filtering technique based on features that are global or of a low confidence value. A statistical context selection method is also applied to further reduce the output word lists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1050
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009



  • Cellular wave computer
  • Handwriting recognition
  • Lexicon reduction
  • Semantic embedding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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