Cellular neural networks: Theory and circuit design

Josef A. Nossek, Gerhard Seiler, Tamás Roska, Leon O. Chua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)


Cellular neural networks or CNNs are a novel neural network architecture introduced by Chua and Yang which is very general and flexible, has some important properties desirable for design applications and can be efficiently implemented on custom hardware based on analogue VLSI technology. In this paper an abstract normalized definition of cellular neural networks with arbitrary interconnection topology is given. Instead of stability, the property of convergence is found to be of central importance: large classes of convergent CNNs in practice always asymptotically approach some stable equilibrium where each component of the corresponding output is binary‐valued. A highly efficient CMOS‐compatible CNN circuit architecture is then presented where a basic cell consists of only two fully differential op amps, two capacitors and several MOSFETs, while a variable interconnection weight is realized with only four MOSFETs. Since all these elements are standard components in the current analogue IC technology and since all network functions are implemented directly on the device level, this architecture promises high cell and interconnection densities and extremely high operating speeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-553
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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