Cell-physiological effects of elastin derived (VGVAPG)n oligomers in a unicellular model system

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elastin is one of the most significant components of the extracellular matrix, which supports the stretchiness of the blood vessels via its helical structure and cross-links. Enzymatic decomposition of this protein could induce chemotactic responses of cell populations in the surrounding tissues by several peptide sequences, e.g. XGXXPG. In our present work the VGVAPG variant and its oligomers were studied. The objective of the experiments was to learn (i) whether the chemotactic effect of these peptides is general in different levels of phylogeny; (ii) whether increasing the number of monomer units influences the chemotactic behaviour of the cell? The trimer had the strongest chemoattractant effect in a wide concentration range (10-12-10-7 M), while the monomer and the pentamer were chemorepellent. All tri-, tetra-, penta- and hexamers could chemotactically select subpopulations with a high chemotactic responsiveness to the identical peptide, in the long term. With regard to its repellent effect, the pentamer had a negative effect on phagocytosis. All six oligomers had a growth-promoter effect in Tetrahymena. The characteristic cell-physiological effects of VGVAPG oligomers signal that molecules of the extracellular matrix can induce identical responses even in lower levels of phylogeny, e.g. in the Ciliates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-438
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Peptide Science
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

Fingerprint

Elastin
Oligomers
Phylogeny
Peptides
Extracellular Matrix
Monomers
Cells
Tetrahymena
Rubiaceae
Chemotactic Factors
Blood vessels
Phagocytosis
Blood Vessels
Tissue
Decomposition
Molecules
Growth
Population
valyl-glycyl-valyl-alanyl-prolyl-glycine
Proteins

Keywords

  • Chemotaxis
  • Elastin
  • Growth
  • Selection
  • Tetrahymena
  • VGVAPG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Cell-physiological effects of elastin derived (VGVAPG)n oligomers in a unicellular model system. / Kőhidai, L.; Kun, Lídia; Pállinger, E.; Csaba, G.; Mihala, Nikolett; Majer, Zs.; Süli-Vargha, H.

In: Journal of Peptide Science, Vol. 10, No. 7, 07.2004, p. 427-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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