Cell fusion experiments reveal distinctly different association characteristics of cell-surface receptors

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Abstract

The existence of small- and large-scale membrane protein clusters, containing dimers, oligomers and hundreds of proteins, respectively, has become widely accepted. However, it is largely unknown whether the internal structure of these formations is dynamic or static. Cell fusion was used to perturb the distribution of existing membrane protein clusters, and to investigate their mobility and associations. Scanning near-field optical microscopy, confocal and electron microscopy were applied to detect the exchange of proteins between large-scale protein clusters, whereas photobleaching fluorescence energy transfer was used to image the redistribution of existing small-scale membrane protein clusters. Large-scale clusters of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I exchanged proteins with each other and with MHC-II clusters. Similarly to MHC-I, large-scale MHC-II clusters were also dynamic. Exchange of components between small-scale protein clusters was not universal: intermixing did not take place in the case of MHC-II homoclusters; however, it was observed for homoclusters of MHC-I and for heteroclusters of MHC-I and MHC-II. These processes required a fluid state of the plasma membrane, and did not depend on endocytosis-mediated recycling of proteins. The redistribution of large-scale MHC-I clusters precedes the intermixing of small-scale clusters of MHC-I indicating a hierarchy in protein association. Investigation of a set of other proteins (α subunit of the interleukin 2 receptor, CD48 and transferrin receptor) suggested that a large-scale protein cluster usually exchanges components with the same type of clusters. These results offer new insight into processes requiring time-dependent changes in membrane protein interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4063-4071
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume114
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Cell Fusion
Cell Surface Receptors
Major Histocompatibility Complex
Membrane Proteins
Proteins
Photobleaching
Transferrin Receptors
Interleukin-2 Receptors
Energy Transfer
Protein Subunits
Recycling
Endocytosis
Confocal Microscopy
Microscopy
Electron Microscopy
Fluorescence
Cell Membrane

Keywords

  • Cell fusion
  • Fluorescence resonance energy transfer
  • FRET
  • Lipid rafts
  • Protein association
  • Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Cell fusion experiments reveal distinctly different association characteristics of cell-surface receptors",
abstract = "The existence of small- and large-scale membrane protein clusters, containing dimers, oligomers and hundreds of proteins, respectively, has become widely accepted. However, it is largely unknown whether the internal structure of these formations is dynamic or static. Cell fusion was used to perturb the distribution of existing membrane protein clusters, and to investigate their mobility and associations. Scanning near-field optical microscopy, confocal and electron microscopy were applied to detect the exchange of proteins between large-scale protein clusters, whereas photobleaching fluorescence energy transfer was used to image the redistribution of existing small-scale membrane protein clusters. Large-scale clusters of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I exchanged proteins with each other and with MHC-II clusters. Similarly to MHC-I, large-scale MHC-II clusters were also dynamic. Exchange of components between small-scale protein clusters was not universal: intermixing did not take place in the case of MHC-II homoclusters; however, it was observed for homoclusters of MHC-I and for heteroclusters of MHC-I and MHC-II. These processes required a fluid state of the plasma membrane, and did not depend on endocytosis-mediated recycling of proteins. The redistribution of large-scale MHC-I clusters precedes the intermixing of small-scale clusters of MHC-I indicating a hierarchy in protein association. Investigation of a set of other proteins (α subunit of the interleukin 2 receptor, CD48 and transferrin receptor) suggested that a large-scale protein cluster usually exchanges components with the same type of clusters. These results offer new insight into processes requiring time-dependent changes in membrane protein interactions.",
keywords = "Cell fusion, Fluorescence resonance energy transfer, FRET, Lipid rafts, Protein association, Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM)",
author = "P. Nagy and L. M{\'a}tyus and A. Jenei and G. Panyi and S. Varga and J. Matk{\'o} and J. Sz{\"o}llősi and R. G{\'a}sp{\'a}r and Jovin, {T. M.} and S. Damjanovich",
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AU - Nagy, P.

AU - Mátyus, L.

AU - Jenei, A.

AU - Panyi, G.

AU - Varga, S.

AU - Matkó, J.

AU - Szöllősi, J.

AU - Gáspár, R.

AU - Jovin, T. M.

AU - Damjanovich, S.

PY - 2001

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N2 - The existence of small- and large-scale membrane protein clusters, containing dimers, oligomers and hundreds of proteins, respectively, has become widely accepted. However, it is largely unknown whether the internal structure of these formations is dynamic or static. Cell fusion was used to perturb the distribution of existing membrane protein clusters, and to investigate their mobility and associations. Scanning near-field optical microscopy, confocal and electron microscopy were applied to detect the exchange of proteins between large-scale protein clusters, whereas photobleaching fluorescence energy transfer was used to image the redistribution of existing small-scale membrane protein clusters. Large-scale clusters of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I exchanged proteins with each other and with MHC-II clusters. Similarly to MHC-I, large-scale MHC-II clusters were also dynamic. Exchange of components between small-scale protein clusters was not universal: intermixing did not take place in the case of MHC-II homoclusters; however, it was observed for homoclusters of MHC-I and for heteroclusters of MHC-I and MHC-II. These processes required a fluid state of the plasma membrane, and did not depend on endocytosis-mediated recycling of proteins. The redistribution of large-scale MHC-I clusters precedes the intermixing of small-scale clusters of MHC-I indicating a hierarchy in protein association. Investigation of a set of other proteins (α subunit of the interleukin 2 receptor, CD48 and transferrin receptor) suggested that a large-scale protein cluster usually exchanges components with the same type of clusters. These results offer new insight into processes requiring time-dependent changes in membrane protein interactions.

AB - The existence of small- and large-scale membrane protein clusters, containing dimers, oligomers and hundreds of proteins, respectively, has become widely accepted. However, it is largely unknown whether the internal structure of these formations is dynamic or static. Cell fusion was used to perturb the distribution of existing membrane protein clusters, and to investigate their mobility and associations. Scanning near-field optical microscopy, confocal and electron microscopy were applied to detect the exchange of proteins between large-scale protein clusters, whereas photobleaching fluorescence energy transfer was used to image the redistribution of existing small-scale membrane protein clusters. Large-scale clusters of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I exchanged proteins with each other and with MHC-II clusters. Similarly to MHC-I, large-scale MHC-II clusters were also dynamic. Exchange of components between small-scale protein clusters was not universal: intermixing did not take place in the case of MHC-II homoclusters; however, it was observed for homoclusters of MHC-I and for heteroclusters of MHC-I and MHC-II. These processes required a fluid state of the plasma membrane, and did not depend on endocytosis-mediated recycling of proteins. The redistribution of large-scale MHC-I clusters precedes the intermixing of small-scale clusters of MHC-I indicating a hierarchy in protein association. Investigation of a set of other proteins (α subunit of the interleukin 2 receptor, CD48 and transferrin receptor) suggested that a large-scale protein cluster usually exchanges components with the same type of clusters. These results offer new insight into processes requiring time-dependent changes in membrane protein interactions.

KW - Cell fusion

KW - Fluorescence resonance energy transfer

KW - FRET

KW - Lipid rafts

KW - Protein association

KW - Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM)

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