While signaling by either the TCR or glucocorticoid receptor (GR) can induce apoptosis in thymocytes, recent studies have shown that combining these signals results in survival of CD4+CD8+ thymocytes. Although glucocorticoids (GC) in this way may directly affect T cell selection, no data are available addressing GR expression in thymocyte subsets and in individual cells within subsets. We studied GR expression by combining immunofluorescence cell surface staining for CD4, CD8 and TCR with intracellular staining of GR in four-color cytometry. Significant differences of GR expression were observed in various thymocyte subsets, although a homogeneous distribution of GR expression in individual thymocyte subsets emerged. The highest GR expression was found in CD4-CD8-TCR- thymocytes, and decreased during development via the CD4-CD8+TCR- subpopulation into the CD4+CD8+TCRlow subset. Interestingly, the latter population, although expressing less than half the GR density of CD4-CD8-TCR- cells, is the most sensitive subset to GC-induced apoptosis. Up-regulation of TCR expression by the CD4+CD8+TCRlow subset to CD4+CD8+TCRhigh cells was accompanied by a parallel increase in GR expression. The latter finding and the presence of a homogeneous distribution of GR in each thymocyte subset provides an experimental basis for the concept that GR can antagonize TCR-mediated signals at a constant rate relative to TCR expression.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European journal of immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 6 2001|
- Glucocorticoid receptor
- T cell development
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy