Cd, Fe, and Light sensitivity: Interrelationships in cd-treated populus

Adám Solti, László Gáspár, Pál Vági, Gyula Záray, Ferenc Fodor, Éiva Sárvári

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal causing iron deficiency in the shoot and light sensitivity of photosynthetic tissues that leads to decreased photosynthetic performance and biomass production. Light intensity had strong impact on both photosynthetic activity and metal accumulation of cadmium-treated plants. At elevated irradiation, cadmium accumulation increased due to the higher dry mass of plants, but its allocation hardly changed. A considerable amount of iron accumulated in the roots, and iron concentration was higher in leaves developed at moderate rather than low irradiation. At the same time, the higher the irradiation the lower the maximal photochemical quantum efficiency. The decreased photochemical efficiency, however, started to recover after a week of Cd treatment at moderate light without substantial change in metal concentrations but following the accumulation of green fluorescent compounds. Both cadmium treatment and higher light caused the accumulation of flavonoids in leaf mesophyll vacuoles/chloroplasts, but accumulation of flavonols, fluorescing at 510nm, was characteristic to cadmium stress. Therefore, flavonoids, which may act by scavenging reactive radicals, chelating Cd, and shielding against excess irradiation, play an important part in Cd stress tolerance of Populus, and may have special impact on its phytoremediation capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-818
Number of pages8
JournalOMICS A Journal of Integrative Biology
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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