Caveolin induces cardioprotection through epigenetic regulation

Manika Das, Somak Das, Istvan Lekli, Dipak K. Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lipid rafts represent a sub-compartment of the plasma membrane that co-ordinate and regulate varieties of signalling processes, whereas caveolins are the integral membrane protein of the lipid raft. Recent evidence demonstrated the pivotal role of caveolins in cardioprotection against ischaemic injury, although their mechanism of action is not clear. However, new understanding of epigenetic modification during ischaemia reperfusion suggests additional targeted approaches that have not been explored before. To study the role of caveolin on epigenetic regulation, isolated mouse heart was prepared from wild-type (WT) and caveolin-1 knockout (Cav-1 KO) mouse and preconditioned them with four cyclic episodes of ischaemia/reperfusion followed by 30min. global ischaemia and 120min. reperfusion. We found that Cav-1 KO mouse abolished the acetylation of histone (H3 and H4) and increased the methylation of histone in the preconditioned heart. The increased histone methylation was significantly correlated with an increased level of histone methyltranferase G9a protein and increased the level of histone decaetylase (HDAC) activity. Cav-1 KO mouse also decreased the translocation of forkhead transcription factor (FOXO3a) to the nucleus and reduced the induction of the expression of SIRT-1 in the preconditioned heart. Cardioprotective property of Cav-1 was further confirmed by reduced ventricular function, increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis, increased expression of junas kinase (JNK) and Bax and decreased expression of phospho-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), phospho-AKT and B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in Cav-1 KO preconditioned heart. The results clearly indicate that Cav-1 induces cardioprotection through epigenetic regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-895
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Cardioprotection
  • Caveolin
  • Epigenetics
  • Hat
  • Hdac
  • Histone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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