The effect of epidural steroid injections was assessed in 39 patients with lumbar nerve root compression syndromes in a double-blind controlled trial, the patients were allocated at random to 3 groups. In group A (n = 13) the patients received a caudal epidural injection of 1 ml (7 mg) bethametason (Diprophos) in 10 ml normal saline and 20 ml local anesthetic (Lignocaine 1%). The second group B (n = 13) received a caudal epidural injection of 20 ml local anaesthetic (Lignocaine 1%) and 10 ml normal saline. The third group C (n = 13) received a superficial injection of 1 ml (7 mg) bethametason around of the sacral hiatus. All injections were performed by the same experienced anaesthesiologist. An independent physician, who was not aware which type of injection had been given, carried out the clinical measurements and the evaluation. Taking of analgesic drug Tramadol was permitted. The symptoms were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS 100 mm), lumbar flexion (Schober and finger-floor distance), the angle of raised leg sign (RLS degrees), and by complete neurological examination, the investigation was made 5 times (1 hour, 24 hours, 48 hours, 1 week, and 4 weeks after epidural injections). The results between 0-1 week and 0-4 week were statistically analysed by Student-, Wilcoxon-, and Mann-Whitney test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The mean VAS values decreased in time in all patient groups. There was no difference between the three treatment groups either after one or after 4 weeks by ANOVA. The mobility of the lumbar spine improved in all patient groups, but there was no significant difference between the three treatment groups. The raised led sign--values improved in all patient groups. There was a significant difference between the three treatment groups by ANOVA after one week, due to the difference between group A and C. After four weeks there was no significant difference. No major complications or side effects were seen in our trial. The raised leg sign due to epidural steroid injection showed better results in comparison to steroid injection around of the sacral hiatus were seen.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - May 9 1999|
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