Cathepsins D, B and L in Breast Carcinoma and in Transformed Human Breast Epithelial Cells (HBEC)

Endre Kalman, Balasahib G. Shinde, Lerachmiel Daskal, Robert Somers, Tamara T. Lah, Gloria Calaf, Jose Russo, D. David, J. Jarosz, James Zabrecky

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An increased expression of lysosomal enzymes, cathepsin (Cat) D, Cat B and Cat L, was observed in various human tumours and after in vitro cell transformation. To establish possible co-ordination in their expression, all three cathepsins were determined in human breast tumours and in transformed human breast epithelial cells (HBEC). In breast carcinoma (n = 120) all three cathepsins, determined immunochemi-cally and by enzymatic activity, were increased compared to normal breast tissues. The activities correlated with the corresponding protein masses for Cat D (r = 0.77, p < 0.01), but not for Cat B and Cat L. Significant increase in Cat B activity was observed in stage II compared to stage I tumours, and Cat L activity in stage III compared to stage II tumours, but no significant correlation of cathepsin protein with tumour stage (TNM) was established. No significant correlation between Cat D and the cysteine cathepsins B and L was observed. Similarly, Cat D, Cat B and Cat L levels did not correlate in the in vitro system, e. g. in the five transformed HBEC, such as evolved after dimethylbenz(a)an-thracene treatment and c-Has-rasoncogene transfection of diploid MCF-10F cell line (Calaf et al., 1993). Transformed cells showed increased anchorage-independent growth and invasive capability (MCF-10 < MCF-10FTras < D3 < D3-1 < D3-1Tras).The intracellular level of Cat D was not related to cell invasiveness, while total cellular Cat B and Cat L increased 13 fold and 4 fold, respectively, in the most invasive cell line, D3-1Tras compared to MCF-10F. D3-1Tras also secreted the largest amounts of Cat B. However, the relative secretion of cathepsin precursors was not related to their intracellular amount and was not correlated with the invasive ability of HBEC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-364
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler
Volume376
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1995

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Carcinogens
  • Cathepsin B
  • Cathepsin D
  • Cathepsin L
  • Human breast epithelial cells
  • Invasion
  • Tumourigenicity
  • c-Haras oncogene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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  • Cite this

    Kalman, E., Shinde, B. G., Daskal, L., Somers, R., Lah, T. T., Calaf, G., Russo, J., David, D., Jarosz, J., & Zabrecky, J. (1995). Cathepsins D, B and L in Breast Carcinoma and in Transformed Human Breast Epithelial Cells (HBEC). Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler, 376(6), 357-364. https://doi.org/10.1515/bchm3.1995.376.6.357