Catalytic detoxification of C2-chlorohydrocarbons over iron-containing oxide and zeolite catalysts

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Abstract

Catalytic hydrodechlorination is an effective and environmentally friendly alternative for the destruction of chlorine-containing organics. Since the byproducts are waste materials (HCl and Cl2), it is important to find and apply inexpensive or natural materials having catalytic activity in hydrodechlorination. A potential catalyst of this type, the calcined "red mud" originated from the alumina process, was studied in comparison with other iron-containing catalysts, such as single (Fe2O3) and mixed oxides (Fe2O3/Al2O3) and modified zeolite (Fe-ZSM5). The red mud is a dangerous waste formed in large amount, nevertheless, it contains catalytically active oxides. The hydrodechlorination reactions were carried out in a fixed-bed flow reactor in the temperature range of 200-400°C using hydrogen as reducing agent. The structure of the catalysts was characterized by XRD, IR and adsorption methods. The metal and chlorine contents of the used samples were also determined. The efficiency of the reductive destruction of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), 1,1,2-trichlorethane (TRCE), 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE), trichloroethene (TRCEE) and tetrachloroethene (TCEE) over mixed oxide originating from red mud is comparable to that obtained for synthetic catalysts. The solids used are not only catalysts, but reactants as well in these reactions. Therefore, these processes could be considered as gas-solid reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume265
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2005

Fingerprint

Zeolites
Detoxification
iron oxides
Oxides
Iron
mud
catalysts
Catalysts
Chlorine
mixed oxides
destruction
chlorine
Tetrachloroethylene
Trichloroethylene
Aluminum Oxide
Reducing Agents
Reducing agents
Byproducts
catalytic activity
beds

Keywords

  • Hydrodechlorination
  • Mixed oxide catalyst
  • Modified zeolites
  • Red mud
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Catalytic hydrodechlorination is an effective and environmentally friendly alternative for the destruction of chlorine-containing organics. Since the byproducts are waste materials (HCl and Cl2), it is important to find and apply inexpensive or natural materials having catalytic activity in hydrodechlorination. A potential catalyst of this type, the calcined {"}red mud{"} originated from the alumina process, was studied in comparison with other iron-containing catalysts, such as single (Fe2O3) and mixed oxides (Fe2O3/Al2O3) and modified zeolite (Fe-ZSM5). The red mud is a dangerous waste formed in large amount, nevertheless, it contains catalytically active oxides. The hydrodechlorination reactions were carried out in a fixed-bed flow reactor in the temperature range of 200-400°C using hydrogen as reducing agent. The structure of the catalysts was characterized by XRD, IR and adsorption methods. The metal and chlorine contents of the used samples were also determined. The efficiency of the reductive destruction of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), 1,1,2-trichlorethane (TRCE), 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE), trichloroethene (TRCEE) and tetrachloroethene (TCEE) over mixed oxide originating from red mud is comparable to that obtained for synthetic catalysts. The solids used are not only catalysts, but reactants as well in these reactions. Therefore, these processes could be considered as gas-solid reactions.",
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AU - Halász, János

AU - Hodos, Mária

AU - Hannus, István

AU - Tasi, Gyula

AU - Kiricsi, Imre

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N2 - Catalytic hydrodechlorination is an effective and environmentally friendly alternative for the destruction of chlorine-containing organics. Since the byproducts are waste materials (HCl and Cl2), it is important to find and apply inexpensive or natural materials having catalytic activity in hydrodechlorination. A potential catalyst of this type, the calcined "red mud" originated from the alumina process, was studied in comparison with other iron-containing catalysts, such as single (Fe2O3) and mixed oxides (Fe2O3/Al2O3) and modified zeolite (Fe-ZSM5). The red mud is a dangerous waste formed in large amount, nevertheless, it contains catalytically active oxides. The hydrodechlorination reactions were carried out in a fixed-bed flow reactor in the temperature range of 200-400°C using hydrogen as reducing agent. The structure of the catalysts was characterized by XRD, IR and adsorption methods. The metal and chlorine contents of the used samples were also determined. The efficiency of the reductive destruction of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), 1,1,2-trichlorethane (TRCE), 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE), trichloroethene (TRCEE) and tetrachloroethene (TCEE) over mixed oxide originating from red mud is comparable to that obtained for synthetic catalysts. The solids used are not only catalysts, but reactants as well in these reactions. Therefore, these processes could be considered as gas-solid reactions.

AB - Catalytic hydrodechlorination is an effective and environmentally friendly alternative for the destruction of chlorine-containing organics. Since the byproducts are waste materials (HCl and Cl2), it is important to find and apply inexpensive or natural materials having catalytic activity in hydrodechlorination. A potential catalyst of this type, the calcined "red mud" originated from the alumina process, was studied in comparison with other iron-containing catalysts, such as single (Fe2O3) and mixed oxides (Fe2O3/Al2O3) and modified zeolite (Fe-ZSM5). The red mud is a dangerous waste formed in large amount, nevertheless, it contains catalytically active oxides. The hydrodechlorination reactions were carried out in a fixed-bed flow reactor in the temperature range of 200-400°C using hydrogen as reducing agent. The structure of the catalysts was characterized by XRD, IR and adsorption methods. The metal and chlorine contents of the used samples were also determined. The efficiency of the reductive destruction of 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), 1,1,2-trichlorethane (TRCE), 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE), trichloroethene (TRCEE) and tetrachloroethene (TCEE) over mixed oxide originating from red mud is comparable to that obtained for synthetic catalysts. The solids used are not only catalysts, but reactants as well in these reactions. Therefore, these processes could be considered as gas-solid reactions.

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