Catalytic destruction of brominated aromatic compounds studied in a catalyst microbed coupled to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

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Abstract

The capability of solid porous catalysts has been studied for the destruction or modification of halogenated aromatic compounds contaminating the pyrolysis oil of recycled plastics from electronic waste. A fast and simple experimental procedure is carried out using a micropyrolyser coupled to GC-MS in such a way that catalyst microbed was placed in the sample tube of the pyrolyser. The pyrolysis products of polycarbonate blended with a frequently applied flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and epoxy resin containing TBBPA monomer units have been analysed, and the brominated components were compared with the thermal decomposition products of TBBPA and its diallyl ether. When TBBPA vapour passes through molecular sieve 4A a slight debromination and a partial cleavage of bisphenol A into phenols occur. Over molecular sieves of larger pore size (13X and NaY zeolite) an important decrease of TBBPA amount is observed indicating effective trapping ability of these catalysts of basic character for brominated aromatic compounds. A total chemical modification of the vapour was achieved by Al-MCM-41 catalyst that split TBBPA into bromophenols. Analogous results were obtained by carrying out similar experiments on diallyl ether of TBBPA. Moreover, it was revealed that brominated bisphenol A compounds are modified essentially the same way, either evaporated or evolved from a polycarbonate blend or produced by pyrolysis from an epoxy resin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-96
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1130
Issue number1 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 13 2006

Keywords

  • Catalyst microbed
  • Catalytic debromination
  • Pyrolysis-catalysis-GC-MS
  • Tetrabromobisphenol A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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