Proteases have a variety of strategies for selecting substrates in order to prevent uncontrolled protein degradation. A recent crystal structure determination of prolyl oligopeptidase has suggested a way for substrate selection involving an unclosed seven-bladed β-propeller domain. We have engineered a disulfide bond between the first and seventh blades of the propeller, which resulted in the loss of enzymatic activity. These results provided direct evidence for a novel strategy of regulation in which oscillating propeller blades act as a gating filter during catalysis, letting small peptide substrates into the active site while excluding large proteins to prevent accidental proteolysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology