Carrier and prenatal diagnostic strategy and newly identified mutations in Hungarian haemophilia A and B families

András Bors, Hajnalka Andrikovics, Zsuzsanna Illés, Rita Jáger, Mária Kardos, Anikó Marosi, László Nemes, Attila Tordai

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deficiencies of blood coagulation factors VIII and IX (haemophilia A and haemophilia B) represent the most common inherited bleeding disorders with a wide range of causative mutations. Carrier and prenatal diagnostics are preferably performed by direct mutation detection; however, in certain situations, indirect family studies may also be useful. We aimed to utilize a combination of direct and indirect techniques for carrier and prenatal diagnostics in both haemophilias in a single national centre. Two hundred and eleven haemophilia A families were investigated by screening for inversions of introns 1 and 22, and by family studies using polymorphic markers. Twenty-eight haemophilia A and 39 haemophilia B families were investigated by Sanger-sequencing of the coding regions. Among severe haemophilia A families, frequencies of intron 22 and 1 inversions were 82 out of 145 (57%) and two out of 145 (1.4%). Sequencing of the entire coding region of the respective factor gene was performed and 12 (haemophilia A) and 5 (haemophilia B) previously unpublished disease-causing mutations were identified. For genetic markers used for haemophilia A indirect family testing, heterozygosity rates varied between 137 out of 327 [42% intragenic BclI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP], 168 out of 254 (66% intragenic F8Civs13CA) and 202 out of 261 (77% extragenic DXS15CA) with a combined rate of 92% (intragenic markers) and 97% (all three markers). For male fetuses, prenatal diagnostics was provided to 43 haemophilia A families (n=22 with direct mutation detection and n=21 by indirect family testing) and to three haemophilia B families. The combination of direct and indirect molecular genetics approaches is a successful and cost-effective approach to provide carrier and prenatal diagnostics and risk assessment for inhibitor formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 6 2015

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Keywords

  • carrier
  • genetics
  • haemophilia A
  • haemophilia B
  • indirect marker
  • mutation
  • prenatal diagnostics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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