Caries prevention through the fluoridation of milk. A review.

J. Bánóczy, Andrew J. Rugg-Gunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this review is to give an overview of 50 years experience of milk fluoridation and draw conclusions about the applicability of the method. Fluoridated milk was first investigated in the early 1950s, almost simultaneously in Switzerland, the USA and Japan. Stimulated by the favourable results obtained from these early studies, the establishment of The Borrow Dental Milk Foundation (subsequently The Borrow Foundation) in England gave an excellent opportunity for further research, both clinical and non-clinical, and a productive collaboration with the World Health Organization from the early 1980s onwards. Numerous peer-reviewed publications in international journals showed clearly the bioavailability of fluoride in milk, and increased concentrations of fluoride in saliva, dental plaque, dental enamel and dentine, and urine, after consumption of fluoridated milk. Clinical trials were initiated in the 1980s--some of these can be classed as randomised controlled trials, while most of the clinical studies were community preventive programs. These evaluations showed clearly that the optimal daily intake of fluoride in milk is effective in preventing dental caries. At present, milk fluoridation programs are running continuously in about ten countries of the world. Fluoridation of milk can be recommended as a caries preventive measure where the fluoride concentration in drinking water is suboptimal, caries experience in children is significant, and there is an existing school milk program. The program should aim to provide fluoridated milk for at least 200 days per year and should commence before the children are 4 years of age.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFogorvosi szemle
Volume100
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Fingerprint

Fluoridation
Milk
Fluorides
Preventive Health Services
Dental Plaque
Dental Caries
Dentin
Dental Enamel
Switzerland
Saliva
Drinking Water
England
Biological Availability
Publications
Tooth
Japan
Randomized Controlled Trials
Clinical Trials
Urine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Caries prevention through the fluoridation of milk. A review. / Bánóczy, J.; Rugg-Gunn, Andrew J.

In: Fogorvosi szemle, Vol. 100, No. 5, 10.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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