Cardiovascular pharmacology of quazodine (MJ‐1988), with particular reference to effects on myocardial blood flow and metabolic heat production

J. R. PARRATT, EILEEN WINSLOW

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Abstract

The effects of intravenous infusions of quazodine (6,7‐dimethoxy‐4‐ethyl‐quinazoline; MJ‐1988) on myocardial blood flow, myocardial metabolic heat production and on general haemodynamics have been studied in cats anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone. Quazodine (0·25 and 0·5 (mg/kg)/min for 10 min) decreased diastolic blood pressure, peripheral vascular resistance, systolic ejection time and left ventricular end‐diastolic pressure. Heart rate, cardiac effort, output and external work and left ventricular dP/dt were markedly increased. These changes are indicative of increased myocardial contractility and peripheral vasodilatation. In a dose of (1·0 mg/kg)/min, quazodine had a more marked hypotensive effect, systolic pressure being significantly reduced, and had less effect on left ventricular dP/dt and cardiac effort. Calculated external cardiac work was slightly reduced and there were very occasional nodal arrhythmias. Changes in heart rate, aortic dP/dt and diastolic blood pressure induced by quazodine were unaffected by the previous administration of the β‐adrenoceptor blocking agent alprenolol in a dose (1·0 mg/kg) which abolished the effects of isoprenaline. In all doses, quazodine markedly increased local blood flow (by 70–540%) around an implanted myocardial heated thermocouple recorder. ‘Corrected temperature’, an index of local myocardial metabolic heat production, was almost unchanged and it is suggested that increased myocardial contractility, occurring with unchanged metabolic heat production and oxygen consumption, probably results from a concomitant decrease in intramural wall tension. 1971 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-204
Number of pages12
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1971

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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