Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and glucose variability in patients with type 1 diabetes: Is there an association?

Szabolcs Nyiraty, Fruzsina Pesei, Andrea Orosz, Sara Coluzzi, Orsolya Eszter Vági, C. Lengyel, György ábrahám, Simona Frontoni, Peter Kempler, T. Várkonyi

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Abstract

Introduction: The oxidative stress associated with glucose variability might be responsible for neuronal damage while autonomic neuropathy (AN) has a detrimental effect on metabolism. The aim of the study was to find relationship between AN and GV in type 1 diabetic patients and to identify further factors that affect GV. Patients and methods: Twenty type 1 diabetic patients were involved (age: 39.5 ± 3.4 years, duration of diabetes: 17.5 ± 2.5 years; HbA1c: 8.1 ± 0.2%, mean ± SE). AN was assessed by the cardiovascular reflex tests. The interstitial glucose levels were determined following insertion of a subcutaneous electrode during the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) method on six consecutive days. GV was characterized by calculation of four parameters. Results: SD of interstitial glucose values correlated positively with the overall AN score and the degree of the orthostatic reduction of systolic blood pressure (AN-score-SD ρ = 0.47, p < 0.05; orthostasis-SD: ρ = 0.51, p < 0.05). Mean absolute glucose (MAG) correlated with three parameters of AN (AN-score-MAG: ρ = 0.62, p < 0.01; 30/15 ratio-MAG: ρ = -0.50, p < 0.05; orthostasis-MAG: ρ = 0.59, p < 0.01). The HbA1c also correlated with two parameters of GV (HbA1c-continuous overlapping net glycemic action: ρ = 0.56, p < 0.05; HbA1c-MAG: ρ = 0.45, p < 0.05). The frequency of hypoglycemia did not exhibit any correlation with measures of GV. Conclusion: Severity of glucose variability but not overall glucose load correlates with both parasympathetic and sympathetic dysfunctions in type 1 diabetes. Higher HbA1c is associated with more severe glucose variability. The observed correlation between increased glucose variability and the severity of AN necessitates the further exploration of this relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Volume9
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 19 2018

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Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose
Dizziness
Blood Pressure
Hypoglycemia
Reflex
Electrodes
Oxidative Stress

Keywords

  • Autonomic neuropathy
  • Cardiovascular reflex tests
  • Continuous glucose monitoring
  • Glucose variability
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and glucose variability in patients with type 1 diabetes : Is there an association? / Nyiraty, Szabolcs; Pesei, Fruzsina; Orosz, Andrea; Coluzzi, Sara; Vági, Orsolya Eszter; Lengyel, C.; ábrahám, György; Frontoni, Simona; Kempler, Peter; Várkonyi, T.

In: Frontiers in Endocrinology, Vol. 9, No. APR, 174, 19.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nyiraty, Szabolcs ; Pesei, Fruzsina ; Orosz, Andrea ; Coluzzi, Sara ; Vági, Orsolya Eszter ; Lengyel, C. ; ábrahám, György ; Frontoni, Simona ; Kempler, Peter ; Várkonyi, T. / Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and glucose variability in patients with type 1 diabetes : Is there an association?. In: Frontiers in Endocrinology. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. APR.
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abstract = "Introduction: The oxidative stress associated with glucose variability might be responsible for neuronal damage while autonomic neuropathy (AN) has a detrimental effect on metabolism. The aim of the study was to find relationship between AN and GV in type 1 diabetic patients and to identify further factors that affect GV. Patients and methods: Twenty type 1 diabetic patients were involved (age: 39.5 ± 3.4 years, duration of diabetes: 17.5 ± 2.5 years; HbA1c: 8.1 ± 0.2{\%}, mean ± SE). AN was assessed by the cardiovascular reflex tests. The interstitial glucose levels were determined following insertion of a subcutaneous electrode during the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) method on six consecutive days. GV was characterized by calculation of four parameters. Results: SD of interstitial glucose values correlated positively with the overall AN score and the degree of the orthostatic reduction of systolic blood pressure (AN-score-SD ρ = 0.47, p < 0.05; orthostasis-SD: ρ = 0.51, p < 0.05). Mean absolute glucose (MAG) correlated with three parameters of AN (AN-score-MAG: ρ = 0.62, p < 0.01; 30/15 ratio-MAG: ρ = -0.50, p < 0.05; orthostasis-MAG: ρ = 0.59, p < 0.01). The HbA1c also correlated with two parameters of GV (HbA1c-continuous overlapping net glycemic action: ρ = 0.56, p < 0.05; HbA1c-MAG: ρ = 0.45, p < 0.05). The frequency of hypoglycemia did not exhibit any correlation with measures of GV. Conclusion: Severity of glucose variability but not overall glucose load correlates with both parasympathetic and sympathetic dysfunctions in type 1 diabetes. Higher HbA1c is associated with more severe glucose variability. The observed correlation between increased glucose variability and the severity of AN necessitates the further exploration of this relationship.",
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T2 - Is there an association?

AU - Nyiraty, Szabolcs

AU - Pesei, Fruzsina

AU - Orosz, Andrea

AU - Coluzzi, Sara

AU - Vági, Orsolya Eszter

AU - Lengyel, C.

AU - ábrahám, György

AU - Frontoni, Simona

AU - Kempler, Peter

AU - Várkonyi, T.

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N2 - Introduction: The oxidative stress associated with glucose variability might be responsible for neuronal damage while autonomic neuropathy (AN) has a detrimental effect on metabolism. The aim of the study was to find relationship between AN and GV in type 1 diabetic patients and to identify further factors that affect GV. Patients and methods: Twenty type 1 diabetic patients were involved (age: 39.5 ± 3.4 years, duration of diabetes: 17.5 ± 2.5 years; HbA1c: 8.1 ± 0.2%, mean ± SE). AN was assessed by the cardiovascular reflex tests. The interstitial glucose levels were determined following insertion of a subcutaneous electrode during the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) method on six consecutive days. GV was characterized by calculation of four parameters. Results: SD of interstitial glucose values correlated positively with the overall AN score and the degree of the orthostatic reduction of systolic blood pressure (AN-score-SD ρ = 0.47, p < 0.05; orthostasis-SD: ρ = 0.51, p < 0.05). Mean absolute glucose (MAG) correlated with three parameters of AN (AN-score-MAG: ρ = 0.62, p < 0.01; 30/15 ratio-MAG: ρ = -0.50, p < 0.05; orthostasis-MAG: ρ = 0.59, p < 0.01). The HbA1c also correlated with two parameters of GV (HbA1c-continuous overlapping net glycemic action: ρ = 0.56, p < 0.05; HbA1c-MAG: ρ = 0.45, p < 0.05). The frequency of hypoglycemia did not exhibit any correlation with measures of GV. Conclusion: Severity of glucose variability but not overall glucose load correlates with both parasympathetic and sympathetic dysfunctions in type 1 diabetes. Higher HbA1c is associated with more severe glucose variability. The observed correlation between increased glucose variability and the severity of AN necessitates the further exploration of this relationship.

AB - Introduction: The oxidative stress associated with glucose variability might be responsible for neuronal damage while autonomic neuropathy (AN) has a detrimental effect on metabolism. The aim of the study was to find relationship between AN and GV in type 1 diabetic patients and to identify further factors that affect GV. Patients and methods: Twenty type 1 diabetic patients were involved (age: 39.5 ± 3.4 years, duration of diabetes: 17.5 ± 2.5 years; HbA1c: 8.1 ± 0.2%, mean ± SE). AN was assessed by the cardiovascular reflex tests. The interstitial glucose levels were determined following insertion of a subcutaneous electrode during the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) method on six consecutive days. GV was characterized by calculation of four parameters. Results: SD of interstitial glucose values correlated positively with the overall AN score and the degree of the orthostatic reduction of systolic blood pressure (AN-score-SD ρ = 0.47, p < 0.05; orthostasis-SD: ρ = 0.51, p < 0.05). Mean absolute glucose (MAG) correlated with three parameters of AN (AN-score-MAG: ρ = 0.62, p < 0.01; 30/15 ratio-MAG: ρ = -0.50, p < 0.05; orthostasis-MAG: ρ = 0.59, p < 0.01). The HbA1c also correlated with two parameters of GV (HbA1c-continuous overlapping net glycemic action: ρ = 0.56, p < 0.05; HbA1c-MAG: ρ = 0.45, p < 0.05). The frequency of hypoglycemia did not exhibit any correlation with measures of GV. Conclusion: Severity of glucose variability but not overall glucose load correlates with both parasympathetic and sympathetic dysfunctions in type 1 diabetes. Higher HbA1c is associated with more severe glucose variability. The observed correlation between increased glucose variability and the severity of AN necessitates the further exploration of this relationship.

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KW - Cardiovascular reflex tests

KW - Continuous glucose monitoring

KW - Glucose variability

KW - Type 1 diabetes

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